Andreas Hofer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hofer, Andreas


Born Nov. 22, 1767, in St. Leonhard; died Feb. 20, 1810. in Mantua. Tirolean national hero who in 1809 headed a liberation uprising of peasants against French and Bavarian occupation forces.

In 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars, Tirol was taken from Austria by Napoleon and given to France’s ally. Bavaria. In 1809. Hofer, a tavern keeper, headed the uprising, the plan of which was worked out in collaboration with the Austrian government in an attempt to regain Tirol. The rebel victory at Isel Mountain (May 1809) led to the liberation of Tirol from the Bavarians. Hofer continued the struggle even after the Austrian government signed a truce with France (July 1809), which provided for the return of Tirol to Bavaria and, as a result of victories in August, once again liberated Tirol. He became the de facto ruler of Tirol, while remaining loyal to the Austrian authorities. After concluding the Peace of Schönbrunn (October 1809). Napoleon directed a large military force against the Tirolean peasants and crushed their resistance. Hofer fled from Tirol but was betrayed to the French and shot.


Paulin. K. Das Leben Andreas Hofers .... 3rd ed. Innsbruck [1959].
Hochenegg, H. Bibliographie zur Geschichte der Tiroler Freiheilskampfes von 1809. Innsbruck-Vienna, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Andreas Hofer, the executive VP of TUV Rheinland India, Middle East, Africa and Asia Pacific, said: "Innovation, premium quality and keeping up with the highest standards across the entire supply chain are crucial for any company seeking success in the global automotive industry."
For culture, top of the list has to be the Tyrol Panorama Museum where the 1,000sq m circular painting of Andreas Hofer's 1809 defeat of French troops is immortalised.
Edited by Margrit Hugentobler, Andreas Hofer, and Pia Simmendinger
Indeed, the German artist, who was formerly known as Andreas Hofer (in 2010 he adopted the anglicized name with which he's autographed his artworks since around 1999), has made a name for himself producing what might be called soiled modernism.
The Tirol Panorama with Kaiserjgermuseum, Bergisel Innsbruck (136,223 visitors) Opened in 1880, the original museum of the Tirolean Imperial Infantry (Kaiserjger) sits on the site of the famous battle in 1809, where local hero Andreas Hofer and Tirolean freedom fighters defeated French and Bavarian troops fighting for Napoleon.
Camera (color), Andreas Hofer; editor Vincent Assmann; music, Lars Lohn; production designer, Pierre Alexandre Brayard; costume designer, Margot Redmann; sound (Dolby Digital), Ludwig Bestehorn.
However, living on ancient German soil but under a foreign flag, with Italian settlers from the Mezzogiorno calling the land of Andreas Hofer their own, gives him moments of teeth-gnashing resentment.
(2.) Built in 1928 on Andreas Hofer Platz and designed by Rambald von Steinbuchel-Rheinwal.
He celebrates the human face of great men, such as the Emperor Napoleon, remembering his debts to the fruit-woman of Brienne, or General Suvorov, having to be reminded to obey his own orders (again, how different from Kleist's Prince of Homburg!), or the Tsar and the King of Prussia, chatting on the seashore at Memel and mistaken by a stranger for ordinary folk; but Andreas Hofer, the Tirolean freedom-fighter celebrated as a martyr by nineteenth-century liberals, he sees as a mere agitator, 'fishing in troubled waters'.
These contacts help to account for the large number of compositions by Salzburg composers, such as Andreas Hofer, that are now known only in copies from the episcopal archives at Kromeriz, some of which were made by Vejvanovsky.
His dramatic works include Das Trauerspiel in Tyrol (1828; later revised and retitled Andreas Hofer ); Merlin (1832); the trilogy Alexis (1832); and the comic epic Tulifantchen (1830), a witty parody of the decline of the nobility and of romantic chivalry.