Andreas Libavius

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Libavius, Andreas


Born circa 1550 in Halle; died July 25, 1616, in Coburg. German chemist and physician.

In his book Alchemy (1597), Libavius systematically set forth practical information on chemistry and described the preparation of sulfuric acid (by burning sulfur in the presence of potassium nitrate) and stannic chloride (by heating tin with mercuric chloride). A follower of Paracelsus, Libavius nevertheless expressed opposition to the extremes of the latter’s teachings.


Figurovskii, N. A. Ocherk obshchei istorii khimii, ot drevneishikh vremen do nachala XIX veka. Moscow, 1969. Pages 147–50.
Partington, J. R. A History of Chemistry, vol. 2. London-New York, 1961. Pages 244–67.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
to Andreas Libavius's Alchemia published in 1597 C.E., which some historians refer to as the first chemistry textbook.
In 1975, Owen Hannaway brought needed attention to laboratory science and its texts in The Chemists and the Word: The Didactic Origins of Chemistry in which he characterized the monumental Achemia written by the German physician Andreas Libavius in 1597 as a deliberate academic attempt to separate chemistry from alchemy.
In 1597 and again in 1606, German physician Andreas Libavius published the laboratory text, Alchemia, a scholarly work in academic Latin that expanded the processes of chemistry to include medicines, oils, and dyes, as well as the transmutation of metals.
Anticipating his more recent contribution, Andreas Libavius and the Transformation of Alchemy (Sagamore Beach, Massachusetts, 2007), Moran highlights the German schoolteacher and physician Libavius, who adapted chemistry to traditional Aristotelian philosophy and cleansed its vocabulary.
The conflict eventually involved intellectuals and physicians across Europe, such as the irascible defender of chrysopoeia Andreas Libavius, who was himself a dyed-in-the-wool opponent of Paracelsus, but a supporter of chymical medicine.
Andreas Libavius and the transformation of alchemy; separating chemical cultures with polemical fire.
Likewise, familiar figures are treated to new analyses, including Andreas Libavius, Heinrich Khunrath, Athanasius Kircher, Robert Boyle, and Isaac Newton.
Andreas Libavius, in 1594, published his Tractatus duo physici in which he argued specifically and vociferously against the weapon salve; this in itself is hardly surprising, as Libavius was a vocal opponent of anything that smacked of Paracelsianism.
(11) Andreas Libavius, Tractatus duo physici: prior de impostoria vulnerum per unguentum armarium sanatione Paracelsicis usitata commendataque (Frankfurt, 1594).
This stimulated efforts by figures such as Andreas Libavius and Daniel Sennert to draw on the corpuscular Aristotelianism of Geberian alchemy to support an understanding of chymical analysis and synthesis.
Despite the importance of the implements involved in the art of alchemy, and the prominent place held by Andreas Libavius among the alchemists of the early modern period, Libavius's work hitherto has not been readily available.