Andreas Vesalius


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Vesalius, Andreas

(vĭsā`lēəs), 1514–64, Flemish anatomist. He made many discoveries in anatomy and became noted as professor of anatomy at the Univ. of Padua. There he produced his chief work, De humani corporis fabrica (1543), based on studies made by dissection of human cadavers; the notable illustrations are attributed to Jan von Calcar. Vesalius's condensation (1543) appeared in English as The Epitome of Andreas Vesalius (1949). His work overthrew many of the hitherto-uncontested doctrines of the second-century anatomist Galen, and caused a storm of criticism from other anatomists. Vesalius's work was revolutionary, as he was among the first to perform thorough cadaver dissections himself. He showed that Galen's anatomy was merely an attempt to apply animal structure to the human body, and was not based on any direct knowledge of human anatomy. He left Padua, becoming physician to Emperor Charles V and to his son Philip II. In 1563, he made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and on the return voyage died in Greece.

Bibliography

See biography by C. D. O'Malley (1964); J. B. de C. M. Saunders and C. D. O'Malley, Illustrations from the Works of Andreas Vesalius (1950, repr. 1973).

Vesalius, Andreas

 

Born Dec. 31, 1514, in Brussels; died Oct. 15, 1564, island of Zante. Renaissance naturalist; founder of scientific anatomy.

Vesalius studied medicine at Montpellier, then Paris. In 1537 he received the degree of doctor of surgery at Basel. From 1539 he taught anatomy at the University of Padua (northern Italy). Vesalius illustrated his teaching of anatomy by dissecting cadavers. In the work On the Structure of the Human Body, published in Basel (1543), he gave a description of the human body based on his own research. This work by Vesalius became the scientific basis for modern anatomy. He rejected Galen’s teachings on the system of the movement of blood in the organism. Galen’s teachings had prevailed for 14 centuries and had been canonized by the church; they served as the basis for the subsequent discovery of blood circulation by W. Harvey.

Among Vesalius’ other works are Anatomical Notebooks (1538) and Letters on Bloodletting (1539). Vesalius contributed a great deal to creating new terminology and making old terms more precise. Vesalius’ denial of Galen’s authority and his conflict with the church made many enemies for him. Driven to despair, he burned some of his manuscripts and materials and accepted an offer to move to Madrid as court physician to Charles V. His enemies forced a trial by the Inquisition, which sentenced him to a pilgrimage to Palestine. On the way back, Vesalius, already ill, was shipwrecked and cast on the island of Zante, where he died.

WORKS

O stroenii chelovecheskogo tela, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1950-54. (Translated from Latin.)

REFERENCES

Kupriianov, V. V. A. Vezaliiv istoriianatomii imeditsiny. Moscow, 1964. (Bibliography.)
Ternovskii. V. N. A. Vezalii (1514-1564). Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)

M. M. LEVIT

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made for the works of that famous anatomist Andreas Vesalius, the originals of which happened to fall into my hands by special chance." (27) Although he had obtained all of the blocks, Maschenbauer intended to print only those displaying the superficial structures of the body.
Less distracting but worth questioning is the placement of subsections that feature important contributors to medical progress: Andreas Vesalius and Jacques Gautier d'Agoty in the first chapter, Ambroise Pare in the fourth.
This was in the 'Tabulae Anatomicae' of Andreas Vesalius, the father of modern anatomy.
Any Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists trainee who takes the time to study their College arms and crest will find the supporter on the left to be Andreas Vesalius, the first person to record the use of artificial ventilation to sustain life (1).
199/217 CE); those of the contemporary British physician Thomas Sydenham (1624--1689); (6) and those of the Renaissance anatomists, in particular Andreas Vesalius of Padua (1516--1564) and Caspar Bartholin (1585--1629).
Andreas Vesalius: the Making, the Madman, and the Myth
It was hoped that the loss of the eye was the worst that would happen, but even though the royal surgeon, Ambroise Pare, was joined by another celebrated medical man, Andreas Vesalius, sent from Brussels by King Philip of Spain, Henry's condition grew worse.
An excellent copy of De numani corporis fabrica liborum epitome (On the fabric of the human body) by Andreas Vesalius and an unidentified Italian artist, published in Basel in 1543 (on loan from a private collection in Virginia), demonstrates the essential relationship between woodcuts and text in the printed book.
Titian is often regarded as the designer behind anatomical illustrations for Andreas Vesalius's renowned studies, an opinion propounded by writers of medical history as well as art history.
Entre otras joyas menciona ediciones princeps de diversos libros, entre ellos El Quijote, obras de los enciclopedistas franceses, la filosofia de Descartes, el Tratado de Arquitectura de Sebastian Serlio, que fue guia de buena parte de la arquitectura novohispana, asi como un ejemplar de Andreas Vesalius, pionero de los estudios de anatomia.
It is a conflict that has occurred repeatedly since the start of the scientific revolution, which scholars date back to approximately 1543, the year Nicolaus Copernicus published his De revolutionibus orbium coelestium ("On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres")--proposing that the earth rotates around the sun--and Andreas Vesalius' De humani corporis fabrica ("On the Fabric of the Human Body"), regarded as one of the most influential books on human anatomy.
Quite rightly the Renaissance anatomist Andreas Vesalius (1514/15-1564) is considered the founding father of modern genetics: the decoding of the human genome started in 1543, the year of the publication of Vesalius's De humani corporis fabrica libri septum (Seven Books on the Structure of the Human Body).