Andreev, Ivan

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Andreev, Ivan Ivanovich


Born 1880; died Dec. 16, 1919. Russian chemical technologist; founder of the Russian nitrogen industry.

In 1899, Andreev entered the University of St. Petersburg, but because he was a participant in the revolutionary movement, he was compelled to leave for Karlsruhe, where he received a diploma in chemical engineering from the Polytechnical Institute. After returning to his homeland, he conducted scientific-technical research. In 1915, to meet the needs of the defense industry, he investigated the conditions for deriving nitric acid by oxidizing ammonia in the presence of a catalyst. As a result, 1917 saw the opening of the first Russian plant for the production of nitric acid and ammonium nitrate by the Andreev process.


Issledovaniia v oblasti azotnykh soedinenii. (Trudy Komissii po sviazannomu azotu pri VSNKh, issue 7.) Petrograd, 1921.


Gamburg, D. Iu. “Osnovopolozhnik azotnoi promyshlennosti Ros-sii I. I. Andreev.” Uspekhi khimii, 1945, vol. 14, issue 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.