Andrei Gromyko

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Andrei Gromyko: Nikita Khrushchev, Mikhail Suslov, Yuri Andropov
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gromyko, Andrei Andreevich


Born July 5 (18), 1909, in the village of Starye Gromyki, in present-day Gomel’ Oblast. Soviet government and party figure. Hero of Socialist Labor (1969). Doctor of economics (1956). Became a member of the CPSU in 1931. Born into a peasant family.

In 1932. Gromyko graduated from an institute of economics. From 1936 to 1939 he was a senior scholarly worker at the Institute of Economics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1939 he became head of the Department of American Countries of the People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs, and at the end of 1939 he became a consul of the Soviet embassy in the USA. From 1943 to 1946 he was ambassador to the USA and at the same time was envoy to the Republic of Cuba. From 1946 to 1948 he was permanent representative of the USSR in the Security Council of the United Nations and simultaneously was deputy minister of foreign affairs of the USSR. From 1949 to 1952 he was first deputy minister of foreign affairs. In June 1952 he became ambassador to Great Britain. In April 1953 he became first deputy minister and in February 1957 minister of foreign affairs of the USSR.

Gromyko headed the Soviet delegation at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in 1944 for the creation of the United Nations and has since headed many delegations to sessions of the General Assembly of the United Nations. He took part in the work of the Yalta and Potsdam conferences of the heads of state of the USSR, USA, and Great Britain (1945) and in the work of the Political Consultation Committee of the member-states of the Warsaw Pact; and many other international conferences and convocations.

Gromyko is the author of scholarly works on questions of international relations and the chairman of a commission for the publication of diplomatic documents. At the Nineteenth Congress of the CPSU he was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the party and since the Twentieth Congress has been a member of the CPSU Central Committee. Since April 1973, Gromyko has been a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He was a delegate of the second and of the fifth through ninth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He has been awarded five Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and also medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This view, which had been most forcefully promulgated by the Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, was shared by many key Australian progressives.
459 ff), amid their sidekicks George Shultz and Eduard Shevardnadze plus old poker face Andrei Gromyko.
Notably among the Soviet delegation were then-ambassador and later foreign minister Andrei Gromyko and the man who at the time was the Soviet foreign minister, Vyacheslav Molotov.
During scheduled campaign trips across the US over the next three days, President Kennedy met with Soviet foreign minister Andrei Gromyko, warning him that tile US would not tolerate Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Their Zionism, moreover, appeared to have the imprimatur of Andrei Gromyko's famous pro-partition speech at the United Nations in 1947.
At the same time he proposed Foreign Secretary George Brown and his Soviet counterpart Andrei Gromyko should fly to the United States in an attempt to bring the warring sides together round the negotiating table.
Stettinus, the American Secretary of State; dour, enigmatic Andrei Gromyko and Secretary-General Trygve Lie, a clumsy and confused diplomat with the massive physique of an athlete who had run to seed in middle age, "apt to go dark red in the face with rage and utter, jowls quivering, complex and ominous Norwegian oaths," according ing to an aide.
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko told Diego Cordovez, undersecretary general and mediator sent by the United Nations, `once we leave, we don't want to come back.' In a 26 February 1986 address, Gorbachev described Afghanistan as a `bleeding wound' and expressed his wish to bring the Soviet troops home "in the nearest future.
The Nineteenth Party Conference in 1988 is repeatedly called the Twenty-Ninth; Anastas Mikoyan, rather than Andrei Gromyko, is cited as the chairman of the USSR Supreme Soviet in 1985-88; Geidar Aliyev is termed the first "vice-president," instead of the first deputy prime minister; the chairman of the KGB is described as KGB "president"; Kazakhstan, with a population of only 17 million in a territory the size of India, is termed "populous"; and so forth.
Ligachev then quietly campaigned for Gorbachev and endorsed him to Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, who ended up nominating him as Chernenko's successor.