Andrei Sakharov

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Related to Andrei Sakharov: Archimedes, Alexander Solzhenitsyn
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sakharov, Andrei Dmitrievich


Born May 21, 1921, in Moscow. Soviet physicist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1953). Hero of Socialist Labor (1953, 1956, 1962).

Sakharov graduated from Moscow State University in 1942. In 1945 he joined the staff of the P. N. Lebedev Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. His principal works are on theoretical physics.

In recent years, Sakharov has not engaged in scientific work.


“Teoriia magnitnogo termoiadernogo reaktora.” In the collection Fizika plazmy i problema upravliaemykh termoiadernykh reaktsii, vol. 1, Moscow, 1958.
“Vzryvomagnitnye generatory.” Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk, 1966, vol. 88, issue 4.
“Antikvarki vo Vselennoi.” In the collection Problemy leoreticheskoi fiziki. Moscow, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
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The European Parliament has awarded the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, named in honour of the Soviet physicist and political dissident, Andrei Sakharov, every year since 1988 to individuals or organisations that have made an important contribution to the fight for human rights or democracy.
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Jay Bergman, Meeting the Demands of Reason: The Life and Thought of Andrei Sakharov. 454 pp., illus., bibl., index.
And Gorbachev could triumph in part because of the sheer power of honesty of his countryman, Andrei Sakharov, the great and fearless nuclear physicist who also risked all to speak truth in the very heart of the Soviet empire -- and who paid for it with years of internal exile.
Police said about 5,000 people attended the start of Saturday's rally on Prospekt Sakharova (Sakharov Avenue), named after Soviet-era dissident Andrei Sakharov. However, a police source told Itar-Tass news agency the figure was around 20,000.
The Sakharov Prize for Freedom and Thought, named in honour of the Soviet Physicist and political dissident Andrei Sakharov, has been awarded by the European Parliament every year since 1988 to individuals or organisations that have made an important contribution to the fight for human rights or democracy.
These letters, in turn, aroused the interest of Soviet scientists Igor Tamm and Andrei Sakharov. In 1951, the government formally launched a fusion program under the direction of Igor Kurchatov, director of the Institute of Atomic Energy in Moscow.
Bolonkin isn't just a world-famous scientist; he's also a hero refusenik, who in 1972 was sent to Siberia for 15 years for distributing the works of Andrei Sakharov and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, and for seeking to immigrate.
1986: Gorbachev releases human-rights activists Andrei Sakharov and Elena Bonner from exile.
. ON this day in 1980 nuclear physicist Dr Andrei Sakharov, one of the Soviet Union's most outspoken critics, was ordered into internal exile.
Born in 1942 and educated in London, Toronto and Moscow as well as Baghdad, Shahristani often draws comparisons to Andrei Sakharov, the Russian physicist who was persecuted in the former Soviet Union for his outspoken views on human rights during the cold war.