Andrei Shingarev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shingarev, Andrei Ivanovich


Born 1869; died Jan. 7 (20), 1918, in Petrograd. Russian political figure. Member of the Constitutional Democratic Party (Cadets).

Shingarev graduated from the physics and mathematics faculty at Moscow University in 1891 and from the medical faculty in 1894. He became a doctor for a zemstvo (body of local self-government) in 1895 and served as head of a zemstvo hospital from 1899 to 1903. From 1903 to 1907 he was head of the health department of the Voronezh provincial zemstvo board, and from 1905 to 1907 he was the editor of the newspaper Voronezhskoe slovo. Shingarev served as a deputy to the Second, Third, and Fourth State Dumas and was deputy chairman of the Cadet faction. He wrote the Cadet agrarian program.

Shingarev was minister of agriculture in the bourgeois Provisional Government in its initial stage (from March to May 1917). In its second stage (May to July) he was minister of finance and head of food supply. After the Cadets left the government on July 2 (15), Shingarev served as the leader of the Cadet faction in the Petrograd municipal duma and as a member of the Preparliament; he was elected to the Constituent Assembly. In November he was arrested for antisoviet activity. Shingarev was killed by anarchist sailors at the Mariinskaia Hospital.


Vymiraiushchaia derevnia, 2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1907.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A liberal minister, Andrei Shingarev, introduced the grain monopoly in March 1917, a wholesale repudiation of the free market in goods, and it was the Provisional Government that in autumn 1917 sanctioned the use of armed force to secure grain from the peasantry.