Andrés Bonifacio

(redirected from Andres Bonifacio)
Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro
BirthplaceTondo, Manila, Spanish East Indies (Philippine Islands)
Known for Philippine Revolution
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bonifacio, Andres


Born Nov. 29,1863, in Manila; died May 10, 1897, on Tala Hill, Cavite, on the island of Luzon. Leader of the national liberation movement in the Philippines.

Bonifacio came from the urban poor. His views were greatly influenced by the patriotic works of J. Rizal and by works on the Great French Revolution. In 1892 he joined the Filipino League, which advocated a peaceful movement for social reform. The same year he founded Katipunan, a secret revolutionary alliance which stood for the interests of wide sections of the population, above all the peasantry. He composed one of the documents on the program of the alliance— The Ten Commandments of the Sons of the People. In August 1896 at his call and under his leadership an armed uprising began against Spanish rule. The bourgeois landowner circles headed by E. Aguinaldo, which joined the uprising, endeavored to seize power and falsely accused Bonifacio of conspiracy. He was sentenced to death by firing squad, but Aguinaldo, fearing he might be answerable to the people for executing a popular leader, commuted the sentence to banishment. However, he subsequently changed his mind, and Bonifacio was secretly shot.


Guber, A. A. Filippinskaia respublika, 1898 g. i amerikanskii imperializm, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Agoncillo, T. A. The Revolt of the Masses: The Story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan. Quezon City, 1956.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It took a technical committee three years to short-list nine Filipino 'heroes': (1) Jose Rizal (2) Andres Bonifacio (3) Emilio Aguinaldo (4) Apolinario Mabini (5) Marcelo H.
Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio, of our brown race.
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Activists burn an effigy of President Rodrigo Duterte near the US Embassy in Manila yesterday, during the commemoration of the 155th birthday of working-class hero Andres Bonifacio.
Coins in the NGC Series will feature the new BSP logo, three national heroes (Apolinario Mabini in the 10-Piso, Andres Bonifacio in the 5-Piso and Jose Rizal in the 1-Piso), a stylized three stars and a sun in the 25-, 5- and 1-Sentimo, and endemic flora consistent with the design of the NGC Banknote Series that highlights Philippine fauna.
Manila: Not even a revered landmark as ubiquitous the statue of hero Andres Bonifacio has escaped victimisation by crooks in the capital.
Inventing a Hero: The Posthumous Re-Creation of Andres Bonifacio. By GLENN ANTHONY MAY.
'Little do most Filipinos know that ever since the Philippines gained independence, the government has never officially proclaimed who our national heroes really are, even if it has been taught as early as grade school that the likes of Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio are among them,' she said in a statement.