Andrew Bonar Law

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Law, Andrew Bonar

(bŏn`ər), 1858–1923, British statesman, b. Canada. He went to Scotland as a boy and in 1900, after a business career, was elected to Parliament as a Conservative. He soon became known as a spokesman for tariff reform. In 1911 he succeeded Arthur Balfour as leader of the Conservative party. Working closely with Sir Edward CarsonCarson, Edward Henry Carson, Baron,
1854–1935, Irish politician. After a successful legal career in Dublin, he was elected to the British Parliament (1892) and called to the English bar (1893).
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, he led the fierce opposition to Irish Home RuleHome Rule,
in Irish and English history, political slogan adopted by Irish nationalists in the 19th cent. to describe their objective of self-government for Ireland. Origins of the Home Rule Movement
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 that carried Ireland to the brink of civil war. During World War I he was colonial secretary (1915–16) in Herbert Asquith's coalition cabinet and then (1916) became chancellor of the exchequer and leader of the House of Commons under David Lloyd GeorgeLloyd George, David, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor
, 1863–1945, British statesman, of Welsh extraction.
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. He resigned party leadership in 1921, but in 1922 he returned to politics to lead the Conservative revolt against the continuation of the wartime coalition. He became (Oct., 1922) prime minister but had to resign the following May because of ill health.


See biography by R. Blake (2 vol., 1955–56).

Bonar Law, Andrew:

see Law, Andrew BonarLaw, Andrew Bonar
, 1858–1923, British statesman, b. Canada. He went to Scotland as a boy and in 1900, after a business career, was elected to Parliament as a Conservative. He soon became known as a spokesman for tariff reform.
..... Click the link for more information.
References in periodicals archive ?
Historian Ian Canwood with his new book David Cameron and Nick Clegg unveil the Coalition Government and, inset above, Andrew Bonar Law and Austen Chamberlain
In the matter of a biography of his political lodestar, Bonar Law, he chose the young Oxford don and historian, Robert Blake to whom he gave full access to the Law papers for his scholarly book, The Unknown Prime Minister: The Life and Times of Andrew Bonar Law, and much personal aid.
Former High School pupils include prime ministers Henry Campbell-Bannerman and Andrew Bonar Law, journalists Muriel Gray and Lesley Riddoch, and Scotland's first ever woman judge, Lady Cosgrove.
The great villains of this book are the (now largely unknown) British Prime Minister Andrew Bonar Law, who declared in 1922 that Britain could no longer be the world's policeman, and President Woodrow Wilson whose "utopian world view was a strange mixture of classical liberalism, Burkean conservatism, Presbyterianism, and socialism." Lal also blames Wilson's vandalism of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires in 1919 for creating the circumstances that allowed the rise of Hitler.
In addition to the monarchs and other royalty who died during the last century, this survey describes the funerals of prominent individuals, such as Andrew Bonar Law, Emmeline Pankhurst, and Winston Churchill, and also ordinary Londoners--for example, the ten people who perished in a 1906 traffic accident.
Most twentieth-century Conservative leaders from Lord Salisbury to John Major have had their lives thoroughly examined with the notable exception of Andrew Bonar Law. This Canadian-born Scot led the Conservatives through the Home Rule Crisis and the First World War, served as a key partner in the Lloyd George Coalition between 1916 and 1921, and later returned from retirement to serve briefly as Prime Minister from 1922-23.
During the final years of the Edwardian era that question was being seriously contemplated not only by Lord Milner and Walter Long but by every important Tory politician, most especially by Andrew Bonar Law, party chief after November 1911.
The new leader, Andrew Bonar Law, came as a shock to some members.
To avoid divisive deadlock, Chamberlain proposed they both stand down in favour of the littleknown compromise candidate, Andrew Bonar Law.
Bootle has one particular 'big name' in its political hall of fame: in 1911, Andrew Bonar Law became the Conservative MP for the seat, before going on to claim the record as the shortest serving Prime Minister, at only 211 days, between 1922 and 1923.
In 1914, the Conservative Party leader Andrew Bonar Law encouraged Unionist militias to resist the elected British government and condemned the smuggling of weapons from Germany.