Huxley, Andrew Fielding

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Huxley, Andrew Fielding

 

Born Nov. 22, 1917, in London. English physiologist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1955).

Huxley graduated from Cambridge University in 1938. From 1941 to 1960 he taught at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was also director of studies from 1952 to 1960. Since 1960 he has been a professor in the physiology section of University College in London. He created (1957) the theory of muscle contraction, described the fine structure of myofibriis, and discovered the interaction and separation during contraction of actin and myosin filaments that form the myofibril. He has investigated the synapses of the nerve fibers and the physicochemical changes during transmission of the nerve impulse, as well as the ionic mechanisms of excitation and inhibition in the nervous system.

Huxley was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1963, together with A. L. Hodgkin and J. C. Eccles.

WORKS

“Muscle Structure and Theories of Contraction.” Progress in Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, 1957, vol. 7. pp, 255–318.
“Measurement of Current Voltage Relations in the Membrane of the Giant Axon of Loligo.” (With A. Hodgkin and B. Katz.) Journal of Physiology, 1952, vol. 116, no. 4.

A. S. BATUEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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