Andrew Marvell


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Marvell, Andrew

(mär`vəl), 1621–78, one of the English metaphysical poetsmetaphysical poets,
name given to a group of English lyric poets of the 17th cent. The term was first used by Samuel Johnson (1744). The hallmark of their poetry is the metaphysical conceit (a figure of speech that employs unusual and paradoxical images), a reliance on
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. Educated at Cambridge, he worked as a clerk, traveled abroad, and returned to serve as tutor to Lord Fairfax's daughter in Yorkshire. In 1657 he was appointed John Milton's assistant in the Latin secretaryship, and in 1659 he was elected to Parliament, where he served until his death. He was one of the chief wits and satirists of his time as well as being a Puritan and a public defender of individual liberty. Today, however, he is known chiefly for his brilliant lyric poetry, which includes "The Garden," "The Definition of Love," "Bermudas," and "To His Coy Mistress," and for his "Horatian Ode" to Cromwell.

Bibliography

See his poems and letters edited by H. M. Margoliouth (2d ed. 1952); biographies by V. Sackville-West (1929, repr. 1971), J. D. Hunt (1978), N. Murray (2000), and N. Smith (2011); studies by H. E. Toliver (1965), P. Legouis (rev. ed. 1966), J. M. Wallace (1969), D. M. Friedman (1970), R. L. Colie (1971), K. Friedenreich, ed. (1977), E. S. Donno, ed. (1978).

Marvell, Andrew

 

Born Mar. 31, 1621, in Winestead, Yorkshire; died Aug. 16, 1678, in London. English poet.

During the English civil war, Marvell was a supporter of O. Cromwell. He was a friend and admirer of J. Milton. Initially influenced by the metaphysical school, Marvell later became one of the best English lyric poets. He eventually adopted the classical style. The poet’s republican odes and caustic satires attacking Charles II and his ministers during the Restoration are particularly well known.

WORKS

Complete Works, vols. 1-4. 1872-75.
Poems and Letters, vols. 1-2. Oxford, 1952.
The Poems. London [1963].

REFERENCES

Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, issue 2. Moscow, 1945. Pages 171-73.
Eliot, T. S. “Andrew Marvell.” In Selected Essays, 3rd ed. London, 1958.
Marvell: Modern Judgements. Edited by M. Wilding [London, 1969]. (Bibliography on pp. 285-88.)
Andrew Marvell: A Critical Anthology. Harmondsworth [1969]. (Bibliography on pp. 329-30.)
References in periodicals archive ?
4 (1996): 1065-97; and Christopher Wortham compares Marvell and Hobbes in "Marvell's Cromwell Poems: An Accidental Triptych," in The Political Identity of Andrew Marvell, ed.
Keymer gives point to this reading by establishing the contemporary fashionability of another intertext, the poems of Andrew Marvell, which were circulating in Whig circles as Sterne wrote.
The Coffee Club of Rota met in Westminster at the Turk's Head, where luminaries such as Andrew Marvell and Samuel Pepys discussed and promoted new political concepts, including the early adoption of the modern ballot box.
Andrew Marvell painted them as Clarendon's unscrupulous henchmen, his 'Two Aliens', who 'serve his injustice for talons'.
Including elegies by Andrew Marvell, Robert Herrick, Mildmay Fane, and John Dryden, the volume represents a compelling insight into Royalist culture after defeat in the Civil War.
Primarily focusing his attention on the works of John Skelton, William Shakespeare, John Milton, and Andrew Marvell, McCoy also marshals a wide range of primary literary sources and secondary interpretations to trace the evolution of sacred kingship.
During the last few weeks, I found myself turning to the two seventeenth-century poets who were the icons of my youth: John Donne and Andrew Marvell.
Tricentenary Essays in Honor of Andrew Marvell (Hamden, Connecticut: Archon, 1977), 135-6.
Nicholas Murray World Enough and Time: The Life of Andrew Marvell.
The Shooting of the Bears: Poetry and Politics in Andrew Marvell.
1599) and posthumously published (1633) versions of A View of the Present State of Ireland attributed to Edmund Spenser, and two poems by Andrew Marvell, "An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland" (1650) and "The Loyal Scot" (1670).
Students of Andrew Marvell and the seventeenth-century estate poem have long been concerned to establish the appearance of Lord Fairfax's house at Nun Appleton.