Andrews, Stephen

Andrews, Stephen (Pearl)

(1812–1886) abolitionist, linguist, social thinker; born in Templeton, Mass. A Baptist minister's son, he went to Louisiana at age 18 and studied and practiced law there; appalled by slavery, he became an abolitionist. Having moved to Texas in 1839, he and his family were almost killed because of his abolitionist lectures and had to flee (1843). He went off to England where he failed at his scheme to raise funds to free slaves in America. But he became interested in Pitman's new shorthand writing system and on his return to the U.S.A. he taught and wrote about this new passion while continuing his abolitionist lectures. He also became interested in phonetics and the study of foreign languages, eventually learning 30 including Chinese. By the end of the 1840s he began to focus his energies on utopian communities, establishing Modern Times in Islip, N.Y., (1851), and then Unity Home in New York City (1857). By the 1860s he was propounding an ideal society called Pantarchy, and from this he moved on to a philosophy he called "universology," which stressed the unity of all knowledge and activities. The last two decades of his life saw him at the center of many of the progressive social reform circles in New York City.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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John O'Shea, Keith Andrews, Stephen Kelly, Paul McShane, Jon Walters and Glenn Whelan are among the other pupils.
Second-top Morpeth Town consolidated second place when strikes from Connor Andrews, Stephen Anderson and Dan Young earned them another three points.
Dwayne Johnson, Ashley Judd, Julie Andrews, Stephen Merchant.
Scorers for the Glens were Benny Andrews, Stephen Fortune and Sean King with Carnoustie's consolation an own goal.
Despite his top-ten finish on home soil at St Andrews, Stephen Gallacher's overall 2005 performance makes him a vulnerable against Jean Van de Velde and Santiago Luna.
THE Under-19 World Cup starts in France this week and four Cardiff stars - Leon Andrews, Stephen Ireland, Phil Osborne and Nathan Trevett - will be putting on the red shirt of Wales in search of glory, writes Alan Evans.
REP OF IRELAND: Given, McShane, Dunne, O'Shea, Kilbane, Keogh, Whelan, Andrews, Stephen Hunt, Doyle, Keane.