Andrija Mohorovicic

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Mohorovičić, Andrija


Born Jan. 23, 1857, in Volosko (Opatija), Istria; died Dec. 18, 1936, in Zagreb. Yugoslav geophysicist and seismologist. Member of the Croatian Academy of Sciences (1898).

Mohorovičić began teaching meteorology at the Navigation School in Bakra and Zagreb in 1880. In 1897 he became a privatdocent, and in 1910 a professor at the University of Zagreb. From 1892 to 1921 he also served as the director of the State Administration for the Meteorological and Geodynamic Survey and Observatory in Zagreb.

In 1909, Mohorovičić established the existence of a boundary surface between the earth’s crust and mantle, and this was named the Mohorovičić discontinuity. He worked out a method for recording earthquakes and proposed designs for a number of geophysical instruments.


“Die Bestimmung des Epizentrums eines Nahbebens.” Beiträge zur Geophysik, 1916, vol. 14.