Similarly, to overcome the androcentric bias
in welfare schemes, Kittay (2001) suggests thinking about interdependencies to address the collective responsibility in structuring the relations of giving and receiving care and to uncover the power relationships inherent in relationships of dependence among family members, citizens and between citizens and the state.
While Arkinstall attributes these omissions to the negative reaction to these women's contravention of traditional feminine roles, the androcentric bias
of liberal histories, and the demise of republicanism in Spanish politics, such omissions will no longer be explicable after Arkinstall's groundbreaking study.
In that period, "androcentric bias
and Western ethnocentrism" still distorted the ability to interpret gender roles in early societies.
In a blatant display of androcentric bias
, he talks "patiently, by the hour, to the most ignorant men in the mills" while causing Ishma to feel that he does not "talk to her enough" (Call 292).
An excellent example of the unquestioned androcentric bias
in the assertiveness literature is provided by a study that is frequently cited by assertiveness researchers for its supposedly elegant analysis of cognitive and behavioural components of assertiveness.
Tedlock begins by correcting the view that shamans, especially prehistoric ones, were male, documenting the androcentric bias
in scientific analyses of human skeletal remains.
The feminist project of gendering citizenship by exposing the androcentric bias
of social policy remains important, but feminists must consider how global restructuring and the prospect of Eurocitizenship will affect women's citizenship claims.
Afrocentrism, with its all-too-common androcentric bias
, still has far to go to overcome its seemingly inherent myopia regarding the thought of black women.
Contrary to expectation, an analysis-of-variance procedure revealed that androcentric bias
may be declining in recruitment messages in job descriptions as sex-role and gender discrimination disappears.
The basic premise is that there is an ingrained androcentric bias
in every science.
Her comprehensive overview of thirty years of feminist scholarship on American women's political behavior demonstrates that mainstream political science is riddled with erroneous claims about women and about American politics, that androcentric bias
permeates supposedly "neutral" methods of inquiry, surfacing in problem selection, research design, definition of key concepts, decisions concerning relevant evidence and counterevidence, data collection and analysis, and interpretations of results.
In the following three chapters Lewis analyses Morgner's use of intertextuality in Trobadora Beatriz as a means of subverting the androcentric bias
of the generic patterns of the romance, the Bildungsroman, and the medieval epic.