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Andromeda, in astronomy
Andromeda, in Greek mythology
Andromeda(an-drom -ĕ-dă) A constellation in the northern hemisphere close to Pegasus, the brightest stars being Alpheratz (α), the red giant Mirach (β), and the fine visual binary Almach (γ). It contains the Mira stars R and W Andromedae, the spiral Andromeda galaxy and its companion galaxies M32 (NGC 221) and M110 (NGC 205), and the bright planetary nebula NGC 7662. Other objects include the open cluster NGC 752 and the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 891. The 4th-magnitude Upsilon (υ) Andromedae, a yellow dwarf star of spectral class F8 V located at a distance of 15.9 pc, is believed to have three giant planets in orbit around it. Abbrev.: And; genitive form: Andromedae; approx. position: RA 1h, dec +40°; area: 722 sq deg.
a constellation of the northern sky. It includes three stars of the second magnitude and a spiral galaxy, the Andromeda nebula, which is visible to the naked eye and which has been known since the tenth century. The constellation is best observed in September and October and is visible everywhere in the USSR.
a genus of evergreen shrubs of the family Ericaceae. The flowers have a pink ovate-urceolate or globose-urceolate corolla and are gathered into an umbel. The fruit is a capsule. There are one or two species, distributed in the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there is one species, the marsh andromeda (A. polifolia), which has leathery lanceolate leaves. The marsh andromeda grows in the forest and tundra zones in swamps and damp coniferous forests. The leaves contain a poisonous glycoside that is dangerous to sheep and goats.
REFERENCESDerev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
Gusynin, I. A. Toksikologiia iadovitykh rastenii, 4th ed. Moscow, 1962.