Andronicus


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Andronicus,

in the New Testament, apostle at Rome.

Andronicus

 

(also Andrónikos). In the Byzantine Empire: Andronicus I. Born circa 1123/24; died September 1185.

Emperor from 1183. Member of the Comnenus dynasty. During the reign of Manuel I (1143–80), Andronicus organized conspiracies against him several times; as a result, he was forced into exile. After Manuel I’s death, Andronicus, by utilizing the popular movement against the Latins (1181), seized power in 1182 (until 1183 he ruled as regent for Alexius II). Relying upon the wealthy circles of Constantinople, Andronicus I fought against the trend toward feudal disintegration by means of demagoguery and cruel terror, directed for the most part against the aristocracy. He also strove to strengthen the bureaucratic apparatus and to eliminate corruption. The policies of Andronicus caused him to be hated by the aristocracy, which, by utilizing his failure in a war against the Sicilian Normans, raised a revolt. Andronicus 1 was overthrown and executed.

Andronicus II Palaeologus (also Palaiológos). Born 1260; died Feb. 13, 1332. Emperor during the period 1282–1328.

At the end of 1282, Andronicus II abolished the ecclesiastical union that had been introduced by his father, Michael VIII. Andronicus II conducted a policy of reannexing Thes-saly and Epirus, which had been cut off after the Fourth Crusade, as well as Morea. He unsuccessfully intervened in the struggle between Venice and Genoa, which led at the beginning of the 14th century to the strengthening of the Venetian influence within the empire. In striving to repulse the Turks (who had captured almost all of Asia Minor), Andronicus II in 1303 hired Catalan troops (led by Roger de Flor), who rose in revolt after the murder of their leader (1305). They laid waste to Byzantine possessions and captured Thessaly and a number of other Byzantine provinces. The centralizing efforts of Andronicus II’s government evoked the resistance of the feudal aristocracy, which proposed the grandson of Andronicus II for the throne. After a prolonged struggle Andronicus II was compelled to abdicate, and he was imprisoned in a monastery.

M. IA. SIUZIUMOV

References in classic literature ?
Mezeriac, the life of Aesop was from the pen of Maximus Planudes, a monk of Constantinople, who was sent on an embassy to Venice by the Byzantine Emperor Andronicus the elder, and who wrote in the early part of the fourteenth century.
he was sent on a diplomatic mission to Venice by the Emperor Andronicus the Elder.
Hatch and others (with translation of paraphrase attributed to Andronicus of Rhodes), edited by E.
- Titus Andronicus; Romeo and Juliet; Julius Caesar; Hamlet; King Lear; Macbeth; Timon of Athens; Antony and Cleopatra; Coriolanus.
there were Naevius, and Andronicus, and Plautus, and Terentius.
The best play nominees are "The Ferryman," "Ink," "Gary: A Sequel to Titus Andronicus" and "What the Constitution Means to Me."
Shakespeare scholars draw attention to the increasing and urgent relevance of the play Titus Andronicus during the 21st century.
Toward the end of his letter, Paul says, "Greet Andronicus and Junia[s], my relatives and my fellow prisoners; they are prominent among the apostles and they were in Christ before me."
Based on the texts of Shakespeare's "Titus Andronicus" and "Richard III," and starring Maya Zbib, Junaid Sarieddine and Lamia Abi Azar, the play uses the bard's masked political commentary to pose questions on dictatorship and the lengths rulers will go to achieve power.
Directed by Bornila Chatterjee, The Hungry is the adaptation of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus. Keeping the essence of the story intact, Tisca Chopra plays a woman taking revenge for her dead son.
029 2038 7026 THEATRE RSC Live: Titus Andronicus (15) Blanche McIntyre returns to the RSC to direct Shakespeare's brutal revenge tragedy.
Titus Andronicus The Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon ?????