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(ənĕm`ənē) or


any of the perennial herbs, wild or cultivated, of the genus Anemone of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercupbuttercup
or crowfoot,
common name for the Ranunculaceae, a family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs of cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Thought to be one of the most primitive families of dicotyledenous plants, the Ranunculaceae typically have a simple
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 family). A rich legendary history has gained the anemone many names and attributes. It is said to have sprung from the blood of Adonis; Romans considered it valuable in preventing fever; it has been applied for bruises and freckles; for some it is tainted with evil; and by the Chinese it has been associated with death. The name windflower is accounted for in several ways, one of which is Pliny's statement that anemone blossoms are opened by the wind. Anemones contain an acrid compound called anemonin. It is poisonous but was formerly used medicinally. Best known of the wild kinds are the white- or purplish-flowered wood anemone (A. quinquefolia), sometimes known specifically as windflower, and the greenish-white-flowered tall anemone, or thimbleweed (A. virginiana), with thimble-shaped fruit. The most common cultivated kinds include the tall, autumn-flowering Japanese anemone (A. japonica) for gardens and the florists' poppy anemones (A. coronaria), native to the Mediterranean area. Similar to the anemone is the wild rue anemone of another buttercup-family genus (Anemonella or Syndesmon). The pasqueflowerpasqueflower
, name for two similar perennials of the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family). The Old World pasqueflower (Anemone pulsatilla) was so named because it blossoms around the Eastertime. The American pasqueflower (A.
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 is sometimes included in Anemone. Anemones are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ranunculales, family Ranunculaceae.



(also anemony), a genus of perennial rhizome herbs (rarely semishrubs) of the family Ranunculaceae. The stem under the flowers usually has a spathe, ordinarily formed of three verticillate leaves. The flowers are variously colored and are either single or gathered in cymose inflorescences. There are about 150 species on plains and in mountain regions of both hemispheres. In the USSR there are more than 45 species; some of them, including the yellow wood anemone (A. ranunculoides) and the wood anemone (A. nemorosa), are widespread early spring flowers. Many species, including A. coronaria and A. japonica, are decoratives; most members of the genus are poisonous. Sometimes the genus Anemone is united with the genus Pulsatilla.


Mnogoletnie tsvety otkrytogo grunta. Moscow, 1959.



ordered from Flora’s court. [Gk. Myth.: Flora Symbolica, 172]


any ranunculaceous woodland plant of the genus Anemone of N temperate regions, such as the white-flowered A. nemorosa (wood anemone or windflower). Some cultivated anemones have lilac, pale blue, pink, purple, or red flowers. See also pasqueflower. Compare sea anemone (an animal).
References in periodicals archive ?
Sea anemones come from an ancient line of animals that have existed for hundreds of millions of years.
I wonder how, in all these thousands of square miles of underwater desert, an anemone found this spot to make his home.
Both anemones and hellebores belong to the buttercup family (Ranunculus), whose members include a number of other garden-worthy species, all with finely cut foliage and a garden performance that coincides with our cooler seasons.
Anemones were fed live Artemia nauplii under constant light for 60 days and allowed to asexually reproduce on the glass walls of the aquarium.
Uchida's book also introduces the ''oyogi isoginchaku,'' a sea anemone which can swim and reproduce from one tentacle.
Many crabs even carry around small sea anemones as defensive weapons.
During "early phenology" observations 30-40% of anemones were flowering, and pseudoflowers were fresh and strongly scented.
Miaoulis and his undergraduate research assistant, Megan McArdle, wanted to create different wave conditions in an aquarium tank at a Tufts laboratory and measure the reaction of live sea anemones.
Some, like Anemone nemorosa 'Virescens' are odd, others like 'Robinsoniana' and the double white 'Vestal' are breathtakingly beautiful.
You can tell how enamoured I am of these lovely shade-loving anemones but I find many of our exotic visitors from overseas equally appealing.
Thomas Holstein of the Centre for Organismal Studies demonstrated how the origin of nerve cell centralization can be traced back to the diffuse nerve net of simple and original lower animals like the sea anemone.