Angel of Mons
Angel of Mons(religion, spiritualism, and occult)
In September 1915, noted British writer Arthur Machen published an article in the London Evening News about the World War I Battle of Mons, which had occurred in August of the previous year. The battle was the first significant engagement of the war between the British and Germans, and it resulted in a British retreat from the field.
In his article, actually a reprint of a story that had appeared in a book of his short stories published in the spring, Machen focused on the account of a British officer who reported that as the army moved west, he had seen shimmering lights in the sky from which emerged winged figures carrying bows and arrows. Thanks to the distraction provided by these figures, the British were able to make a successful disengagement from the Germans. He noted that two others had also seen and made note of the mysterious angelic forces. Machen later received letters verifying the event. The believability of the story was increased due to the semi-miraculous nature of the retreat against large odds of success.
The problem with the story, as Machen clearly stated in the original publication, was its complete fiction. Published many months after the battle, Machen wanted to provide a momentary distraction from a war that was not going well. Instead, he found people who wanted to believe the story was true. Most notable in this endeavor was one Phyllis Campbell, a nurse with the Red Cross. She claimed she had treated French soldiers who saw a Joan of Arc figure in the sky. Journalist Harold Begbie picked up the story and wrote a pamphlet about Mons, On the Side of the Angels, in which he included testimony of an officer who described watching the angels for more than 45 minutes around eight o’clock one evening. The story grew over the years. As late as 1930, a retired German espionage officer offered an explanation for the angels: They were a misinterpretation of motion pictures projected on the clouds by the Germans. As late as 1963, historian A. J. P. Taylor referred to the angelic event as fact in his history of the war. He cited Mons as the only battle where “supernatural intervention was observed, more or less reliably, on the British side.”
In fact, the story is complete fiction, the events first recounted by Machen being a figment of his imagination that inadvertently played to the deeper hopes of his readers at a time of crisis. There is no verifiable evidence that any phenomena occurred during the retreat from Mons to have suggested the story.