Squatina

(redirected from Angel sharks)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Squatina

 

(monkfish, or angel sharks), the only genus of the family Squatinidae. Monkfish resemble rays in that they have extremely flattened bodies; large, broad pectoral fins; and eyes on the upper part of the head. This resemblance may be explained by the fishes’ similar ways of life. The gill slits, as in all sharks, are on the sides of the body, in front of the pectoral fins. There are 11 species, distributed in moderately warm and subtropical waters of all oceans. Monkfish are not encountered in the tropics. They live on the sea bottom, often in shallows, and sometimes burrow into the sand. The largest species is Squatina squatina, which is up to 2.4 m long and weighs up to 72 kg. Other species are considerably smaller (0.6-1.5 m.). Monkfish feed on small benthic fishes, sea urchins, mollusks, and crabs. They are viviparous and bear ten to 25 young. The commercial value of monkfish is minor.

References in periodicals archive ?
In Group 2, the angel shark showed the highest contribution (18.
Between 2003 and 2005, the angel shark was classified both as a target and massive target in Group 2.
tope shark Galeorhinus galeus, angel shark Squatina spp.
Most representative species were narrownose smoothhound shark, whitemouth croaker, angel shark, argentine croaker, Brazilian codling, stripped weakfish, tope shark, bluefish, flounder and leatherjack.
Capture associated with large mesh gillnets was related mainly with angel shark.
Large mesh fishing strategy occurred mainly during summer (between October and February) and was directed mainly to angel shark.
Vertebral growth zone deposition in Pacific angel sharks.
Aspects of the age, growth and reproduction of the Pacific angel shark, Squatina californica, off Santa Barbara, California.
Species Captures Weight (kg) Atlantic sharpnose 4,197 5,199 Bonnethead 830 1,519 Smooth dogfish, Mustelus canis 134 344 Florida smoothhound, Mustelus norrisi 121 291 Carcharhinidae 85 99 Blacknose 81 226 Angel shark 59 159 Carcharhinus sp.
Angel sharks have never successfully been bred in captivity in the UK but aquarium chiefs are still hoping that Angelis and Anne will get it together.
But now Angelis the angel shark and his would-be mate Anne are giving their fin romance one last go.