Merkel, Angela

(redirected from Angela Dorothea Kasner)

Merkel, Angela

(än`gĕlä mär`kəl), 1954–, German politician, b. Hamburg as Angela Dorothea Kasner. The daughter of a Lutheran pastor, she grew up in what was then East Germany. She trained as a physicist (Ph.D., Univ. of Leipzig, 1978) and worked (1978–90) as a quantum chemistry researcher at East Berlin's Academy of Sciences. Involved in the 1989 democracy movement, she joined the conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and was elected to parliament in 1990. A protégé of Chancellor Helmut KohlKohl, Helmut
(Helmut Josef Michael Kohl) , 1930–2017, German statesman, chancellor of West Germany (1982–1990) and reunified Germany (1990–98). A member of Christian Democratic Union (CDU), he was elected to the Rhineland-Palatinate parliament in 1959, became
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, she served under him as minister for youth and women (1991–94) and the environment (1994–98). After Kohl's defeat in 1998, Merkel became CDU secretary-general and, having distanced herself from her former mentor, she was elected party leader in 2000.

In the 2005 elections she led the CDU-CSU coalition to a narrow victory over the Social Democrats. No party, however, secured a workable plurality of seats, forcing the CDU-CSU into coalition with the Social Democrats. Merkel became chancellor, the first woman and the first E German after unification to do so. She remained chancellor after the 2009 elections when the CDU-CSU formed a center-right coalition with the Free Democrats. Her government's response to the effects of the post-2008 downturn in Germany and associated economic crisis in the eurozone in 2009–10 led to a loss of popularity at home and somewhat strained relations at times with European nations, but economic growth and low unemployment in Germany subsequently benefited the CDU-CSU. In 2013 the CDU-CSU won again, but fell short of a majority and again entered into a coalition with the Social Democrats; Merkel remained chancellor. Coalition losses in 2017 sent the Social Democrats into opposition, forcing Merkel to seek a coalition with the Free Democrats and Greens.

References in periodicals archive ?
Merkel was born Angela Dorothea Kasner on July 17, 1954 in the port city of Hamburg.
Los pronosticos si se cumplieron: Angela Dorothea Merkel (nee Angela Dorothea Kasner, Hamburgo, Alemania Occidental, 17 de julio de 1954), podra cumplir 16 anos en el poder--en su cuarto mandato--, al ganar las elecciones generales el domingo 24 de septiembre, aunque la ultraderecha (xenofoba y eurofoba) de Alternativa para Alemania (AfD), pudo colarse al Bundestag (camara baja), con el 13% de la votacion convirtiendola en la tercera fuerza politica del pais.
Angela Dorothea Kasner nacio el 17 de julio de 1954, en Hamburgo (Alemania Occidental], Fue la mayor de tres hijos de un clerigo luterano y una profesora de latin.
Merkel nacio en Hamburgo el 17 de julio de 1954 con el nombre de Angela Dorothea Kasner.
Enterada de la entrevista, Merkel la leyo minuciosamente, tal y como lo hacia cuando cursaba la carrera de Fisica en la Universidad de Leipzig para doctorarse en Quimica cuantica, en los tiempos que todavia se llamaba Angela Dorothea Kasner, su nombre de soltera, antes de adoptar el apellido de su primer esposo, Ulrich Merkel, de quien se divorciaria mas tarde para casarse con el quimico cuantico y profesor Joachim Sauer, su actual marido.
Merkel was born Angela Dorothea Kasner in 1954 in the northern city of Hamburg but within weeks her father, a Lutheran pastor, moved the family to a small town in the communist East, at a time when most people headed the other way.
Por ejemplo, siete dias antes del aniversario, la canciller federal de Alemania, Angela Merkel (nee Angela Dorothea Kasner, Hamburgo, el 17 de julio de 1954, pero desde sus primeros meses vivio en la desaparecida Republica Democratica Alemana; estudio fisica en la Universidad de Leipzig donde se doctoro en 1986 con una tesis que obtuvo la calificacion de "sobresaliente"); Angela es la primera mujer alemana que gobierna su pais desde 1871, cuando Alemania se volvio un Estado moderno; es poliglota, habla fluidamente ruso e ingles), encabezo una ceremonia en Bonn para conmemorar la caida del Muro que dio pie para terminar con la division de Alemania: Republica Federal de Alemania (RFA) y la Republica Democratica Alemana (RDA).
Aunque la canciller alemana Angela Dorothea Kasner (Merkel es su apellido de casada) fue funcionaria del antiguo regimen comunista --caracterizado por la ineficiencia burocratica--, desde su llegada al poder anuncio su intencion de incrementar la productividad y eficiencia en la industria, reducir los subsidios injustificables y moderar las demandas laborales para reforzar la economia germana, considerada la 3a del mundo.