Angelica Kauffmann

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Kauffmann, Angelica

(äng-gā`lēkä kouf`män), 1741–1807, Swiss neoclassical painter and graphic artist. From her youth she was known for her artistic, musical, and linguistic abilities. She went to England, where she enjoyed success as a fashionable portrait painter and decorator. A protégée of Sir Joshua Reynolds, Kauffman was one of the original members of the Royal Academy. She often decorated houses designed by the AdamAdam, Robert
, 1728–92, and James Adam,
1730–94, Scottish architects, brothers. They designed important public and private buildings in England and Scotland and numerous interiors, pieces of furniture, and decorative objects.
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 brothers. After her marriage in 1781 to the Venetian painter Antonio Zucchi, she lived in Italy, where she flourished in artistic and literary circles. Reynolds, Winckelmann, Goethe, and Garrick commissioned her to paint their portraits. Representative works include Religion (National Gall., London); Self-Portrait (Staatliche Museen, Berlin); and the etchings of L'Allegra and La Pensierosa. The British Museum has a collection of her drawings and prints.


See study by Lady Victoria Manners and G. C. Williamson (1924).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kauffmann, Angelica


Born Oct. 30, 1741, in Cur, Switzerland; died Nov. 5, 1807, in Rome. German painter and graphic artist. Representative of classicism.

Kauffmann lived in Italy from 1742 to 1757 and in London from 1766 to 1781. She returned to Italy in 1782 and lived there until her death. Kauffmann painted portraits (portrait of J. W. von Goethe, 1787, Goethe National Museum, Weimar) and sentimental scenes based on mythological, religious, historical, and literary themes (The Farewell of Abelard and Heloise, Hermitage, Leningrad).


Smidt-Dörrenberg, I. Angelika Kauffmann. [Vienna] 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1532-1625), to the entrepreneurial Angelica Kauffman (1741-1807), who harnessed the British print market to promote her own compositions.
In France, the portrait painter Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun (1755-1842) was a popular and commercial success while, in England, Angelica Kauffman (1741-1807) was a founding member of London's Royal Academy of the Arts.
The March lecture, which I attended as a guest, drew a healthy turnout, well over 100 people assembling to hear Leslie Primo talk about Angelica Kauffman: 18th Century Artist in England.
Other previously unseen items will include sketches thought to be by the famous 18th Century Neoclassical artist Angelica Kauffman, and a watercolour by Thomas Girtin.
Her subtle, sensitive portraits made her popular with British, French and German tourists visiting Venice and she is regarded as the best-known female artist of her generation, influencing both [ETH]lisabeth Vige-Lebrun and Angelica Kauffman.
Swiss-born Angelica Kauffman, whose work Andromache Fainting at the Unexpected Sight of Aeneus on his Arrival in Epirus is on longterm loan from Lord Derby's personal collection, was one two female founders of the Royal Academy of Arts.
Two books on Angelica Kauffman, reviewed by Heidi Strobel, reveal the similar challenges this eighteenth-century Swiss-born artist faced as she "fashioned a feminine identity in an overwhelming masculine art world."
Miss Angel: The Art and World of Angelica Kauffman. Angelica Goodden.
Curiously, Bowden seems unaware of Angelica Kauffman's painting, "Gualtherius and Griselda" (ca.
Of special interest is the minutely stippled watercolour Portrait of Angelica Kauffman attributed to her then passionate admirer Nathaniel Dance-Holland, though his authorship of this loving study, which may alternatively be by a miniaturist, is still open to debate (Fig.
Angelica Kauffman (1741-1807) achieved a remarkable degree of international success.