Angelica Kauffmann


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Kauffmann, Angelica

(äng-gā`lēkä kouf`män), 1741–1807, Swiss neoclassical painter and graphic artist. From her youth she was known for her artistic, musical, and linguistic abilities. She went to England, where she enjoyed success as a fashionable portrait painter and decorator. A protégée of Sir Joshua Reynolds, Kauffman was one of the original members of the Royal Academy. She often decorated houses designed by the AdamAdam, Robert
, 1728–92, and James Adam,
1730–94, Scottish architects, brothers. They designed important public and private buildings in England and Scotland and numerous interiors, pieces of furniture, and decorative objects.
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 brothers. After her marriage in 1781 to the Venetian painter Antonio Zucchi, she lived in Italy, where she flourished in artistic and literary circles. Reynolds, Winckelmann, Goethe, and Garrick commissioned her to paint their portraits. Representative works include Religion (National Gall., London); Self-Portrait (Staatliche Museen, Berlin); and the etchings of L'Allegra and La Pensierosa. The British Museum has a collection of her drawings and prints.

Bibliography

See study by Lady Victoria Manners and G. C. Williamson (1924).

Kauffmann, Angelica

 

Born Oct. 30, 1741, in Cur, Switzerland; died Nov. 5, 1807, in Rome. German painter and graphic artist. Representative of classicism.

Kauffmann lived in Italy from 1742 to 1757 and in London from 1766 to 1781. She returned to Italy in 1782 and lived there until her death. Kauffmann painted portraits (portrait of J. W. von Goethe, 1787, Goethe National Museum, Weimar) and sentimental scenes based on mythological, religious, historical, and literary themes (The Farewell of Abelard and Heloise, Hermitage, Leningrad).

REFERENCE

Smidt-Dörrenberg, I. Angelika Kauffmann. [Vienna] 1968.
References in classic literature ?
Fogg seemed a perfect type of that English composure which Angelica Kauffmann has so skilfully represented on canvas.
It is worth noting that all the artists discussed in this volume are male, though a consideration of some of Angelica Kauffmann's smaller scale family portraits would have been a useful corrective from a female perspective.
Featuring paintings of scenes from Shakespeare by major artists of the day, including Henry Fuseli, Joshua Reynolds, and Angelica Kauffmann, the gallery was a popular if not a financial success.
She was particularly close with Joshua Reynolds, Angelica Kauffmann, Elizabeth Farren, and Sarah Siddons (9).
Extraordinary female artists profiled include Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Leyster, Angelica Kauffmann, Elisabeth Vigee-Leburn, Berthe Morisot, Georgia O'Keeffe, and many more.
Auricchio departs from previous studies that compare Labille-Guiard (1749-1803) with her contemporaries Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun (1755-1842), Anne Vallayer-Coster (1744-1818), and Angelica Kauffmann (1741-1807).
The larger paintings in the exhibition such as Angelica Kauffmann's The Artist Hesitating Between the Arts of Music and Painting, (1791-94) and Richard Samuel's Portraits in the Characters of the Muses in the Temple of Apollo, (1778) would have benefited from a larger exhibition space.
It was painted in 1765 in Italy by Angelica Kauffmann, who was a Swiss-born neoclassical painter who was well-known by royals in Europe.
He disliked the 'Nazi' art displayed in Troost's Munich gallery--except for the homoerotic statuary--and he was, apparently, an early twentieth--century admirer of Angelica Kauffmann. He did not rule out Modernism: he had Bonatz design a Modernist railway station for Munich.
The rhetoric, like the painted gestures, seem as conventionally Augustan as the relegation of the female associates of the academy, Angelica Kauffmann and Mary Moser, to mere portraits on the Academy's background wall.
Four videos presenting artists and their works--two documentaries (on Franz West, Bruno Gironcoli), a retrospective evaluation of the life and work (of Angelica Kauffmann), and a feature film (on Egon Schiele)--were shown.