Angelica Kauffmann

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Kauffmann, Angelica

(äng-gā`lēkä kouf`män), 1741–1807, Swiss neoclassical painter and graphic artist. From her youth she was known for her artistic, musical, and linguistic abilities. She went to England, where she enjoyed success as a fashionable portrait painter and decorator. A protégée of Sir Joshua Reynolds, Kauffman was one of the original members of the Royal Academy. She often decorated houses designed by the AdamAdam, Robert
, 1728–92, and James Adam,
1730–94, Scottish architects, brothers. They designed important public and private buildings in England and Scotland and numerous interiors, pieces of furniture, and decorative objects.
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 brothers. After her marriage in 1781 to the Venetian painter Antonio Zucchi, she lived in Italy, where she flourished in artistic and literary circles. Reynolds, Winckelmann, Goethe, and Garrick commissioned her to paint their portraits. Representative works include Religion (National Gall., London); Self-Portrait (Staatliche Museen, Berlin); and the etchings of L'Allegra and La Pensierosa. The British Museum has a collection of her drawings and prints.


See study by Lady Victoria Manners and G. C. Williamson (1924).

Kauffmann, Angelica


Born Oct. 30, 1741, in Cur, Switzerland; died Nov. 5, 1807, in Rome. German painter and graphic artist. Representative of classicism.

Kauffmann lived in Italy from 1742 to 1757 and in London from 1766 to 1781. She returned to Italy in 1782 and lived there until her death. Kauffmann painted portraits (portrait of J. W. von Goethe, 1787, Goethe National Museum, Weimar) and sentimental scenes based on mythological, religious, historical, and literary themes (The Farewell of Abelard and Heloise, Hermitage, Leningrad).


Smidt-Dörrenberg, I. Angelika Kauffmann. [Vienna] 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Writers, scholars and famous artists such as the painter Angelika Kauffmann visited the Humboldt home, as did Wilhelm's brother Alexander.
Considerable importance is attributed to Goethe's friendly relations with artists such as Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein and Angelika Kauffmann, whom he describes as engaged in a common "Kulturwander" (200).
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It shows a collection of works from of well-known artists such as Giacometti and Segantini or Angelika Kauffmann, who was born in Chur
Thus, resistance to neoclassical constructions of femininity and masculinity are found not only within the works of artists like Angelika Kauffmann and Elise Hahn or those of the Jena Romantics, but also in Goethe's writings.
(1.) The most recent retrospective, "Angelika Kauffmann: A Woman of Immense Talent" (Bregenz, Vorarlberger Landesmuseum, June 14 - November 5, 2007), marked the bicentennial of Kauffman's death.
Other notable highlights include an oil sketch by Angelika Kauffmann of Aeneas Mourning the Death of Pallas (c.