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a breed of dairy cattle developed on the Angeln peninsula in Germany on the basis of the indigenous brownish-red cattle. The first references to the breed date from the 16th century. Its appearance is typical of dairy cattle, with colors of various hues of red. The liveweight of the bulls is 650–750 kg and of the cows 440–460 kg. The milk yield is 3,000–3,500 kg and can be as high as 4,500 kg. The milk-fat content is 4 percent. Angeln cattle were first imported into Russia in the 19th century. They are used widely for crossing with Red Steppe, Byelorussian, Latvian, Lithuanian, and Estonian stock. In the USSR the breed is found in a pure form only on individual farms in the Ukrainian SSR and Udmurt ASSR.