Anglicanism

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anglicanism

 

one of the Protestant religions whose worship and organizational principles are nearer to the Catholic Church than those of other Protestant churches.

The Church of England is the state church in England. It originated during the Reformation of the 16th century (the break between the English king, Henry VIII, and the papacy, the secularization of monasteries, and other changes) as a national state church headed by the king (the Act of Supremacy, 1534). Its doctrines and the organizational forms on which it was based remained Catholic. During the reign of Edward VI, T. Cranmer compiled the Book of Common Prayer (1549), which combined Protestant and Catholic elements in its doctrines and practices. During the reign of Elizabeth Tudor, in the Thirty-nine Articles (1571) the dogma was drawn somewhat closer to Calvinism. The Church of England, which had become an important support of absolutism, was established by the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century; after the restoration of the Stuarts (1660), it was reestablished.

The head of the Church of England is the king, who actually appoints the bishops. In the hierarchy of the Church of England its primate is the archbishop of Canterbury, followed by the archbishop of York. A considerable number of bishops are members of the House of Lords. All the fundamental church statutes are subject to Parliament’s approval. The state bears most of the cost of maintaining churches. The upper hierarchy of the Church of England is closely connected with the financial oligarchy and the landed aristocracy of England.

There are three trends in the Church of England: the High Church, the nearest to Catholicism; the Low Church, nearest to Puritanism and Pietism; and the Broad Church, which tries to unite all Christian tendencies (the leading Anglican trend).

In addition to the Church of England in England, there are independent Anglican churches in Scotland, Wales, Ireland, the USA, Canada, Australia, and several other countries. Anglicans number approximately 30 million people. Nominally, separate Anglican Churches are not interdependent. Since 1867, however, Anglican bishops have met for a conference in London once every ten years (the so-called Lambeth Conferences, named for Lambeth Palace, the residence of the archbishop of Canterbury), forming the Anglican Union of Churches. Anglicans take part in the ecumenical movement.

REFERENCES

Robertson, A. “Religiia i ateizm v sovremennoi Anglii.” In Ezhegodnik Muzeia istorii religii i ateizma, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
Stephens, W. R. W., and W. Hunt, eds. A History of the English Church, vols. 1–9. London, 1899–1910.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(62) At a Woman's Auxiliary meeting in the Niagara region, local women learned about the Sarcee Indians from Anglican missionary Miss Crawford, who gave a most interesting address, pointing out how the Indian tribe was being diminished in numbers, owing largely to their lack of knowledge about their physical requirements, and urging the necessity of bringing the knowledge of salvation to those benighted pagans; she dwelt on the many touching examples of conversion among the Indian children and read several letters that the children had written to her since she came East.
In his analysis of Acts 2:1-41, Eddie Gibbs, who was an Anglican missionary in Chile and is now at Fuller Theological Seminary, writes of the need for spiritual empowerment and the triumphant presence of the crucified Christ.
Like Cornbury, he sought personal gain by promoting royal centralization of proprietary colonies and he, too, joined the Anglican missionary Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.
She has raised hundreds of pounds over the years from jumble sales and coffee mornings for the Anglican missionary society which helps sailors around the world.
A former student of the Elkhorn Indian Residential School, set up by an Anglican missionary in 1888, has donated $50,000-$40,000 of which was his entire settlement from the revised residential schools agreement--to an inner city homeless shelter in Winnipeg.
While working to convert the Inuit of Baffin Island, Quebec between 1894 and 1905, Anglican missionary Edmund James Peck kept journals of his life and work in the area as well as ethnographic notes detailing Inuit language, spirituality, and shamanism, published here.
Mwanga had ordered his followers to kill an Anglican missionary. When Joseph protested the murder to the king, Mwanga ordered him beheaded and then had his body burned.
Deborah Gaitskell of the University of London researches and publishes extensively on women's issues, both missionary and indigenous, and will have a book soon in this series of "Studies in the History of Christian Mission." Her article is "From Pretoria to Kampala with Hannah Stanton," Anglican missionary (1913-1993) imprisoned seven weeks in South Africa then deported and later overseer of the women's residence at Makerere University in Uganda.
Last year, Gladys raised pounds 1,200 for the Anglican missionary society which helps sailors around the world.
In 1985, after the WCE had been published, Barrett (still under appointment as an Anglican missionary) left Nairobi for Richmond, Virginia, and a position as a research consultant at the Foreign (now International) Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, where he remained until 1993.
Anglican missionary Dundas collected a trove of Native American art from the Pacific Northwest coast of what is now British Columbia in the 1860s and took it back to England.
Much of the collection was given up as part of the conversion by native people to Christianity by Anglican missionary William Duncan.

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