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one of the Protestant religions whose worship and organizational principles are nearer to the Catholic Church than those of other Protestant churches.

The Church of England is the state church in England. It originated during the Reformation of the 16th century (the break between the English king, Henry VIII, and the papacy, the secularization of monasteries, and other changes) as a national state church headed by the king (the Act of Supremacy, 1534). Its doctrines and the organizational forms on which it was based remained Catholic. During the reign of Edward VI, T. Cranmer compiled the Book of Common Prayer (1549), which combined Protestant and Catholic elements in its doctrines and practices. During the reign of Elizabeth Tudor, in the Thirty-nine Articles (1571) the dogma was drawn somewhat closer to Calvinism. The Church of England, which had become an important support of absolutism, was established by the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century; after the restoration of the Stuarts (1660), it was reestablished.

The head of the Church of England is the king, who actually appoints the bishops. In the hierarchy of the Church of England its primate is the archbishop of Canterbury, followed by the archbishop of York. A considerable number of bishops are members of the House of Lords. All the fundamental church statutes are subject to Parliament’s approval. The state bears most of the cost of maintaining churches. The upper hierarchy of the Church of England is closely connected with the financial oligarchy and the landed aristocracy of England.

There are three trends in the Church of England: the High Church, the nearest to Catholicism; the Low Church, nearest to Puritanism and Pietism; and the Broad Church, which tries to unite all Christian tendencies (the leading Anglican trend).

In addition to the Church of England in England, there are independent Anglican churches in Scotland, Wales, Ireland, the USA, Canada, Australia, and several other countries. Anglicans number approximately 30 million people. Nominally, separate Anglican Churches are not interdependent. Since 1867, however, Anglican bishops have met for a conference in London once every ten years (the so-called Lambeth Conferences, named for Lambeth Palace, the residence of the archbishop of Canterbury), forming the Anglican Union of Churches. Anglicans take part in the ecumenical movement.


Robertson, A. “Religiia i ateizm v sovremennoi Anglii.” In Ezhegodnik Muzeia istorii religii i ateizma, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
Stephens, W. R. W., and W. Hunt, eds. A History of the English Church, vols. 1–9. London, 1899–1910.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said: "They are basically saying Anglicanism is all about the authority of the Bible.
He has adopted a regional rather than a chronological organization for his narrative, and although he includes chapters on Britain and North America, he really focuses on Anglicanism outside of these contexts.
Timothy Yates, Canon Emeritus of Derby Cathedral, Derby, England, was a contributor to The Study of Anglicanism (SPCK, 1998).
At the same time, 230 African and Asian Anglican bishops who had absented themselves from the 650 bishops at Lambeth, met by themselves in Jerusalem where they rejected the Archbishop of Canterbury as the leading moral authority in Anglicanism.
But this latest and most severe crisis within Anglicanism is also a sobering reminder to Catholics that local autonomy has pitfalls of its own.
If Craig sees High-Church Anglicanism as multiform, he has been less successful at recognizing any pluralism in contemporary evangelical Anglicanism.
Sir - Should readers renounce Anglicanism because of its deviation from your correspondent's religious norms?
Never has the Holy See suggested Anglicanism repudiate women's ordination or disavow it in order to facilitate intercommunion between the two churches.
Cardinal John Henry Newman, a 19th-century English convert from Anglicanism, may also soon be raised to the altar.
The complex circumstances in which Donne, a recent convert to Anglicanism, deployed casuistry turned him, paradoxically, into one of its best known critics.
The High Church tradition of English Anglicanism surveyed in this volume claims that the established church is not the Protestant Church of England, but the Catholic Church in England.