Angles(redirected from Anglii)
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name given to the Germanic-speaking peoples who settled in England after the decline of Roman rule there. They were first invited by the Celtic King Vortigern, who needed help fighting the Picts and Scots. The Angles (Lat.
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an ancient Germanic tribe, mentioned by Tacitus and Ptolemy. In the fourth and early fifth centuries the Angles lived in the south of the Jutland Peninsula. In the fifth and sixth centuries they took part in the Anglo-Saxon conquest of Britain, where they formed the kingdoms of Mer-cia, East Anglia, and Northumbria. Part of the country they conquered was later called England, after the name of the Angles. The Angles constituted one of the elements of the Anglo-Saxon ethnic group that was formed in the seventh to tenth centuries. It is believed that the Angles who remained on the continent merged with the Danes.