Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936

 

a treaty of alliance signed in London on August 26.

The treaty gave Egypt slightly more independence in its internal and foreign affairs; it eliminated the posts of British advisers attached to the Egyptian government and bound England to aid the abolition of the regime of capitulations and to support Egypt’s application for entry into the League of Nations. According to Article 1 of the treaty, the occupation of Egypt by British troops was formally ended. At the same time, the treaty provided that the main military positions of British imperialism in Egypt would be maintained. In peacetime, England was to have the right to maintain a force of about 10,000 troops in the Suez Canal zone; in the “event of war, the immediate threat of war, or an emergency international situation,” Egypt was obligated to grant to England all ports, airfields, and means of communication. On Oct. 15, 1951, the Egyptian parliament denounced the Treaty of 1936. England accepted its abolition in the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement of 1954.

PUBLICATION

Suetskii kanal: Sb. dokumentov. Moscow, 1957. Pages 60–73 (text of the treaty).

REFERENCE

Kurdgelashvili, Sh. N. Revoliutsiia 1952 i krakh britanskogo gos-podstva v Egipte. Moscow, 1966. Pages 21–41.

A. M. GOLDOBIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Egypt has a competing claim to the territory based on an 1899 Anglo-Egyptian agreement and sees it as important to protecting its southern border from external threats.
It is also noteworthy to mention that in January 1899, an Anglo-Egyptian agreement restored the Egyptian rule in Sudan but as part of a condominium, or joint authority, exercised by Britain and Egypt.
For instance, they include the original copies of documents related to the notorious Denshwai incident, June 13, 1906 (involving British Army officers and local villagers), including the letters exchanged between some of the then members of the British House of Lords and the chief judge in the case, researcher at the Egypt's Contemporary Memory Project, Safaa Khalifa said.Among many others, there are historic documents relating to 19th century Egypt, the digging of the Suez Canal, the 1919 Revolution, the draft of the 1923 Constitution and Arabic and English copies of the 1954 Anglo-Egyptian Agreement, under which British troops would leave the country.