Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936

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Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936


a treaty of alliance signed in London on August 26.

The treaty gave Egypt slightly more independence in its internal and foreign affairs; it eliminated the posts of British advisers attached to the Egyptian government and bound England to aid the abolition of the regime of capitulations and to support Egypt’s application for entry into the League of Nations. According to Article 1 of the treaty, the occupation of Egypt by British troops was formally ended. At the same time, the treaty provided that the main military positions of British imperialism in Egypt would be maintained. In peacetime, England was to have the right to maintain a force of about 10,000 troops in the Suez Canal zone; in the “event of war, the immediate threat of war, or an emergency international situation,” Egypt was obligated to grant to England all ports, airfields, and means of communication. On Oct. 15, 1951, the Egyptian parliament denounced the Treaty of 1936. England accepted its abolition in the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement of 1954.


Suetskii kanal: Sb. dokumentov. Moscow, 1957. Pages 60–73 (text of the treaty).


Kurdgelashvili, Sh. N. Revoliutsiia 1952 i krakh britanskogo gos-podstva v Egipte. Moscow, 1966. Pages 21–41.


References in periodicals archive ?
Following the First World War and based on the Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936, nationalism gained ground in Egypt, and the government, backed by the newly established Wafd Party, stepped up its demands to the British government--then in control of Egypt--to place foreigners under the local Egyptian legal system.
Britain reluctantly agreed to leave in 1956 only because Nasser insisted on ending the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty.
It was declared a neutral zone under British control six years later and this position was sustained under the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936.
Honouring the 1936 Anglo-Egyptian treaty to vacate the canal in 20 years, Britain handed the base to Egypt in June 1956; turning a blind eye to Nasser's propaganda which claimed that his bold coup had ended 74 years of British presence.
The period of political activity and expansion, in 1936-52, began after the signing of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936, against which the MB campaigned.
He spent a semester at Qasr-el-Ainy Medical School, where he participated in anti-British demonstrations that led to the 1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty.
The Graduates Congress had emerged in direct response to the Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936.
A third article revisits the problems associated with the British position at Suez and the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936, which the British violated even before the outbreak of war in 1939, maintaining the world's largest military base during World War II and refusing stubbornly to renegotiate the treaty afterward.
Technically never at war and never bombed -- with Rommel's Afrika Korps on its doorstep and well outside the Suez Canal Zone which had been retained as a British base under the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 -- wartime `neutral' Cairo was a city where the lights never went out.
They draw analogies to earlier occasions of mass humiliation in the Arab World, such as the Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936, the Arab-Israeli wars of 1948 and 1967 and Israel's invasion of Lebanon in 1982.
However, in 1936 the presence of large potentially hostile Italian forces in Abyssinia and Libya, on the frontiers of Egypt and the Sudan, disturbed the balance of power in the region and created a state of uncertainty which compelled Egypt and Great Britain to conclude an Anglo-Egyptian treaty of alliance which included a reduction of the British 'reserved points' of 1922 and the partial restoration of the status quo ante 1924 in the Sudan.

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