Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936

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Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936

 

a treaty of alliance signed in London on August 26.

The treaty gave Egypt slightly more independence in its internal and foreign affairs; it eliminated the posts of British advisers attached to the Egyptian government and bound England to aid the abolition of the regime of capitulations and to support Egypt’s application for entry into the League of Nations. According to Article 1 of the treaty, the occupation of Egypt by British troops was formally ended. At the same time, the treaty provided that the main military positions of British imperialism in Egypt would be maintained. In peacetime, England was to have the right to maintain a force of about 10,000 troops in the Suez Canal zone; in the “event of war, the immediate threat of war, or an emergency international situation,” Egypt was obligated to grant to England all ports, airfields, and means of communication. On Oct. 15, 1951, the Egyptian parliament denounced the Treaty of 1936. England accepted its abolition in the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement of 1954.

PUBLICATION

Suetskii kanal: Sb. dokumentov. Moscow, 1957. Pages 60–73 (text of the treaty).

REFERENCE

Kurdgelashvili, Sh. N. Revoliutsiia 1952 i krakh britanskogo gos-podstva v Egipte. Moscow, 1966. Pages 21–41.

A. M. GOLDOBIN

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