Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936

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Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936


a treaty of alliance signed in London on August 26.

The treaty gave Egypt slightly more independence in its internal and foreign affairs; it eliminated the posts of British advisers attached to the Egyptian government and bound England to aid the abolition of the regime of capitulations and to support Egypt’s application for entry into the League of Nations. According to Article 1 of the treaty, the occupation of Egypt by British troops was formally ended. At the same time, the treaty provided that the main military positions of British imperialism in Egypt would be maintained. In peacetime, England was to have the right to maintain a force of about 10,000 troops in the Suez Canal zone; in the “event of war, the immediate threat of war, or an emergency international situation,” Egypt was obligated to grant to England all ports, airfields, and means of communication. On Oct. 15, 1951, the Egyptian parliament denounced the Treaty of 1936. England accepted its abolition in the Anglo-Egyptian Agreement of 1954.


Suetskii kanal: Sb. dokumentov. Moscow, 1957. Pages 60–73 (text of the treaty).


Kurdgelashvili, Sh. N. Revoliutsiia 1952 i krakh britanskogo gos-podstva v Egipte. Moscow, 1966. Pages 21–41.


References in periodicals archive ?
An Anglo-Egyptian Treaty signed in 1936 had guaranteed the British the right to keep 10,000 troops and 400 pilots in the base, which posed as one of the three cardinal pillars of Britain's strategic policy at the time.
To this day Egypt argues that the 1929 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty and its modified version, the 1959 Agreement, are still valid.
The 1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty signed at Montreux, Switzerland--which officially brought to an end 54 years of British occupation of Egypt--gave the Egyptian government the administrative control over the national armed forces.
Britain reluctantly agreed to leave in 1956 only because Nasser insisted on ending the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty.
It was declared a neutral zone under British control six years later and this position was sustained under the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936.
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The period of political activity and expansion, in 1936-52, began after the signing of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936, against which the MB campaigned.
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A third article revisits the problems associated with the British position at Suez and the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936, which the British violated even before the outbreak of war in 1939, maintaining the world's largest military base during World War II and refusing stubbornly to renegotiate the treaty afterward.
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They draw analogies to earlier occasions of mass humiliation in the Arab World, such as the Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936, the Arab-Israeli wars of 1948 and 1967 and Israel's invasion of Lebanon in 1982.

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