Anglo-Maratha Wars

(redirected from Anglo-Maratha war)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anglo-Maratha Wars


predatory wars waged by the British East India Company against the Maratha principalities in India. The first Anglo-Maratha War (1775–82) began with the actions of a British military unit that had been presented by the British to their protégé Raghunath Rao, whom they supported in his struggle for the peshwa throne. Exploiting the internal conflicts between the Maratha princes, the British formed an alliance with the rulers of Gwalior and Nagpur and bound the Marathas on May 17, 1782, to the Treaty of Salbai. By this treaty, the company received Salsette Island and the Bassein area but renounced its support of Raghunath Rao. The refusal of the Marathas to recognize the 1802 Treaty of Bassein, signed by the peshwa Baji Rao and the British and by which the Marathas in effect lost their independence, served as grounds for the start of the second Anglo-Maratha War (1803–05). By 1805 the resistance of the Marathas was broken. They lost part of their territory—in particular, Delhi, which up to this time had been dependent on the Gwalior principality—and acknowledged themselves as vassals of the company. During the third Anglo-Maratha War (1817–18), some Maratha princes submitted to the British without resistance. Other resisted strongly, but by the end of 1818 they had been defeated. As a result of the war, much of Maratha territory was annexed by the company; the Maratha vassal princes were left with only small holdings.


Duff, J. G. History of the Mahrattas, vols. 1-2. London, 1921.
Sardesai, G. S. New History of the Marathas, vols. 1–3. Bombay, 1946–48.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
But such is not enough to honour Tipu Sultan who sacrificed his own life while fighting the English in the Fourth Anglo-Maratha War in 1799 and still remains an enigmatic Muslim ruler who provoked many historians to try to decipher this mystic.
Violence erupted in small village of Koregaon-Bhima and its nearby areas during the celebrations of the historic Anglo-Maratha War of January 1, 1818, between the army of Peshwa Bajirao II and a small force of the East India Company that comprised a large number of Dalits.
Fought on the banks of the Bhima at Koregaon on January 1, 1818, it was the last battle of the Anglo-Maratha war. Peshwa Baji Rao II, who had faced defeat in November 1817 in the battle of Khadki, ran towards Pune and sent around 2000 soldiers to attack the 800 soldiers of the East India company, which mostly consisted of Dalit Mahars.
The disturbances erupted in the village of Koregaon-Bhima on January 1 during the 200th anniversary celebrations of the Anglo-Maratha War between the army of Peshwa Bajirao II with a small force of the East India Company that comprised a large number of Dalits.
The third Anglo-Maratha War (1817-18) and the Battle of Bharatpur (18 25-26) were the ordeals in which the Gurkhas proved their hardihood, loyalty and matchless valour to the British officers.