Anglo-Mysore Wars

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Anglo-Mysore Wars


waged in the last four decades of the 18th century by the British East India Company to conquer the principality of Mysore (India).

The first Anglo-Mysore War (1767–69) began with an invasion of Mysore by the troops of the company and its protege Nawab of Karnata. The Mysore army was led by their ruler, Haidar Ali, who successfully took the English army from the rear. By the peace treaty of Madras (1769) both parties renounced the territories they had conquered from each other and concluded a defensive alliance.

In the second Anglo-Mysore War (1780–84), Mysore was allied with Hyderabad and the Maratha. From 1782, after the death of Haidar Ali, the Mysore army was led by his son, Tipu Sultan. The successes of Tipu Sultan, who had been aided by the French, came to nothing because of the betrayal of his allies and the conclusion of the Treaty of Versailles (1783) between England and France. By the peace treaty of Mangalore, the enemies returned the lands and prisoners they had captured.

In the third Anglo-Mysore War (1790–92), the English succeeded in drawing the troops of the Maratha and of Hyderabad into the battle against Mysore. However, the situation of the British troops was so serious that in 1791 Governor-General Cornwallis came from Bengali to lead them. He managed to mobilize all the English forces and move them on Seringapatam, the capital of Mysore. Tipu Sultan was forced to sign the Seringapatam peace treaty of 1792 and surrender almost half his principality to the allies as well as paying an indemnity. In the fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), Seringapatam was taken by storm and Tipu Sultan killed. Mysore was turned into a vassal principality of the company.


Antonova, K. A. Angliiskoe zavoevanie Indii v XVIII veke. Moscow, 1958.
Khan, M. H. History of Tipu Sultan. Calcutta, 1951.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Congress government of Karnataka had started celebrating Tipu Sultan's birth anniversary in 2015 terming the 18th century ruler of Mysore a freedom fighter, who was killed in the 4th Anglo-Mysore war.
In the Second Anglo-Mysore War in September 1780, Tipu Sultan decisively defeated the British in the Battle of Pollilur.
He deployed rockets against advances of the British forces and their allies during the Anglo-Mysore Wars.
to the votaries of the VHP, BJP and RSS, during the Third Anglo-Mysore War, in 1791, Parashuram Bhau ravaged Mysore and damaged the very seat of Hinduism - the Shankaracharya's (Shrirangpatanam) temple, also known as the matha of Srinegri Shankaracharya - killing and wounding many, and plundering the monastery of all its valuable possessions.
Another highlight of the sale is an 18th Century watercolor painting of Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple by British artist, Lt James Hunter, who was a Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery under Cornwallis during the Third Anglo-Mysore War, where the British and Company troops defeated the Tipu Sultan.
2) He goes on to add this public reception of the Anglo-Mysore war "suggests that pride in British rule in India as well as pride in British military successes there had become widely accepted as elements of British nationalism.
Despite the fact that the second Anglo-Mysore War was fought in the midst of another great Anglo-French War (the American War of Independence), the French deployed 20 percent of their overstretched naval resources earmarked for the American War of Independence in the Indian Ocean in an attempt to destroy the British naval squadron.
The First Anglo-Mysore War, fought from August 1767 to March 1769, began as a result of steadily deteriorating relations between the British and Haider All (1720-82), the de-facto ruler of Mysore.
The Third Anglo-Mysore War of the British against Tipu Sultan was at its height during Jones's last few years in Basra.
Descendants of the immediate family members of sultan were exiled to Kolkata, erstwhile Calcutta, by the British after the warrior was killed during the fourth Anglo-Mysore war of May, 1799.
The Hindu fundamentalists in general believe that Tipu (1750-1799), who, in his rather short life waged three of the four Anglo-Mysore wars in the last three decades of 18th century is a secular man rather kindly disposed to the Hindus.
The Anglo-Mysore wars lasted until 1799, costing many thousands of lives and leaving the British in control of most of the southern subcontinent.