Anglo-Saxon Chronicle


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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle,

collective name given several English monastic chronicles in Anglo-Saxon, all stemming from a compilation made from old annals and other sources c.891. Although the work was thought for some time to have been commissioned by King AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
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, there is no positive evidence to substantiate this claim; his encouragement of learning, however, undoubtedly inspired the compilation of the chronicle. The original chronicle was later edited with additions, omissions, and continuations by monks in various monasteries. The four chronicles recognized as distinct are called the Winchester Chronicle, the Abingdon Chronicle, the Worcester Chronicle, and the Peterborough Chronicle.

The account begins with the start of the Christian era and extends to 1154. Much of the very early material is drawn from BedeBede, Saint
, or Baeda
(St. Bede the Venerable), 673?–735, English historian and Benedictine monk, Doctor of the Church, also called the Venerable Bede. He spent his whole life at the monasteries of Wearmouth (at Sunderland) and Jarrow and became probably the
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's history. From the period of the wars between Saxons and Danes onward, most of the annals are original and are the sole source for information about certain events. The writing is generally in sparse prose, but some poems are inserted, notably the stirring "Battle of Brunanburh" (see BrunanburhBrunanburh, battle of
, A.D. 937, a victory won by Athelstan, king of the English, over a coalition of Irish, Scots, and Britons (or Welsh) of Strathclyde. The site of the battle is not known. The battle is celebrated in a poem in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
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).

Bibliography

See C. Plummer, ed., Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel (1892–99); D. Whitelock et al., ed., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1962); C. Clark, ed., The Peterborough Chronicle (2d ed. 1970); G. N. Farmonsway, ed. and tr. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1978).

References in periodicals archive ?
A widespread nostalgia for the reign of Edgar the Peaceful (959-75) emerged, finding its culmination in two poems inserted by Archbishop Wulfstan into the northern recension of The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
Somewhere in this area also lay the monastic site of Donamutha, which according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle was sacked by the Vikings in AD 794 (ASC sa.
On the one hand, the author relies on a variety of primary sources, like manuscripts C and D of The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (Abingdon and Worcester), as well as on some recent studies, like Smyth (1995; see also Horspool 2007), which have questioned many of the accepted assumptions about the nationalistic motives behind king Alfred's achievements, as propagandistically expressed by Victorian historiography.
The earliest record of a flood in London, dated 1099, comes from The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a record of events in Britain in the Middle Ages.
Families Of The King: Writing Identity In The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle by Alice Sheppard (Assistant Professor, Department of English, Pennsylvania State University) directly addresses the central interpretative question with respect to the student of five primary manuscripts that together offer a contemporary history of Anglo-Saxon English ranging from the ninth to the twelfth centuries, and materially contribute to understanding the body of Old English prose and poetic texts which in turn, enabled scholars to document how the Old English language evolved and changed.
12) The famous entry for the year 755 AD in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle ("Cynewulf and Cyneheard") needs to be interpreted in this light.
Bede lists the seven greatest kings, called in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle bretwaldas: AElle of Sussex (late 5th century), Ceawlin of Wessex (560-91/92), AEthelberht of Kent, Raedwald of East Anglia (?
More discussion of the legal and literary contexts of outlawry would be especially welcome in light of the lengthy literary tradition of the outlaw, from the exile of Sigebryht into the forest of Andred in the Anglo-Saxon chronicle to those who flee to the forest of Arden in As You Like It.
Patrick Conner's contribution to the Collaborative Edition of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a distinctly Nabokovian venture - an unnatural act, as Conner himself terms it - for it is an edition of a text which is not extant, and indeed perhaps never was, a text which Conner has had to reconstruct before editing.
Old English poem of 73 lines included in several manuscripts of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle under the year 937.
Alfred initiated the writing, in the vernacular, of the unique Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, an annual historical record of his people.