Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle,

collective name given several English monastic chronicles in Anglo-Saxon, all stemming from a compilation made from old annals and other sources c.891. Although the work was thought for some time to have been commissioned by King AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
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, there is no positive evidence to substantiate this claim; his encouragement of learning, however, undoubtedly inspired the compilation of the chronicle. The original chronicle was later edited with additions, omissions, and continuations by monks in various monasteries. The four chronicles recognized as distinct are called the Winchester Chronicle, the Abingdon Chronicle, the Worcester Chronicle, and the Peterborough Chronicle.

The account begins with the start of the Christian era and extends to 1154. Much of the very early material is drawn from BedeBede, Saint
, or Baeda
(St. Bede the Venerable), 673?–735, English historian and Benedictine monk, Doctor of the Church, also called the Venerable Bede. He spent his whole life at the monasteries of Wearmouth (at Sunderland) and Jarrow and became probably the
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's history. From the period of the wars between Saxons and Danes onward, most of the annals are original and are the sole source for information about certain events. The writing is generally in sparse prose, but some poems are inserted, notably the stirring "Battle of Brunanburh" (see BrunanburhBrunanburh, battle of
, A.D. 937, a victory won by Athelstan, king of the English, over a coalition of Irish, Scots, and Britons (or Welsh) of Strathclyde. The site of the battle is not known. The battle is celebrated in a poem in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
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See C. Plummer, ed., Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel (1892–99); D. Whitelock et al., ed., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1962); C. Clark, ed., The Peterborough Chronicle (2d ed. 1970); G. N. Farmonsway, ed. and tr. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1978).

References in periodicals archive ?
Bamburgh is recorded in Bede and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as a major Anglo-Saxon caput (e.
On the other hand, the wealas are mentioned some 44 times in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (until the first quarter of the twelfth century).
The inclusion of passages from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, describing the appalling events of King Stephen's reign (the entry for 1137), serves to exemplify the early written records of Middle English.
Angelika Lutz examines the significant role played by the seventeenth-century study of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in the emergence of the study of Old English as a university discipline.
Although one proceeds with caution when referencing the documentary record, Viking activity in the immediate vicinity is noted under the years 1006 and 1010 in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
We are now certainly closer to Alfredian West Saxon, the languages of the Hatton manuscript of the Cura Pastoralis, the Lauderdale Orosius and the first hands of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, than to the later AEthelwoldian variety.
By the early Seventh Century Bamburgh had been absorbed into the kingdom of Northumbria and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle of 547AD tells us: "Ida, from whom originated the royal family of the Northumbrians, succeeded to the kingdom.
All the earliest accounts of British earthquakes are to be found in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, written by monks who were equally prone to exaggeration.
Stanley), Alfred's Boethius and the Four Cardinal Virtues (Paul Szarmach); historical essays: Waerferth and Alfred: the fate of the Old English Dialogues (Malcolm Godden), the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle at Ramsey (Cyril Hart), Orosius (Jane Roberts), the eclipse of 29 October 878 (Alfred Smyth), the Lambarde Map (Walter Goffart), and the Lambarde Problem (Patrick Wormald).
After a long gestation, the Collaborative Edition of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle was first advertised in a prospectus issued in 1981.
The name was originally spelt Norphymbre (see the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 867AD) and meant "dwellers north of the Humber", but it was also used for the land which they occupied, including the Anglian parts of Scotland.