Anglo-Saxon Conquest

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anglo-Saxon Conquest


the conquest of Britain by North German tribes—the Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Frisians—in the 5th and 6th centuries.

As of the mid-5th century, pirate raids on Britain were replaced by the immigration of considerable numbers of Germans to the coastal regions and into the heart of the country, in the face of stubborn opposition by the Britons. In the course of the Anglo-Saxon conquest, most of the Britons were exterminated, subjugated, or driven off to Scotland, Wales, and the Continent (present-day Brittany); in part they merged with the conquerors. By the end of the 6th century, the German tribes had successfully conquered most of Britain.

The power of royal authority, numerous bodyguards, and intensified exploitation of the subjugated population were part of the influence of the conquest on the structure of such kingdoms as Kent, Wessex, Sussex, Essex, East Anglia, Northumbria, and Mercia.


Stenton, F. Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford, 1943.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
King Arthur's Wars: The Anglo-Saxon Conquest of England, Revised Edition
Forty years ago both scholarly histories and historical novels had a common view of Arthur: as a historical warrior, whose leadership enabled his people, the native inhabitants of post-Roman Britain, to halt the advancing tide of Anglo-Saxon conquest for about half a century.
It is a story of 'the search for the shape and nature of the world, principally in the long nineteenth century', the role of technology such as railways, steamships, telegraphy, bridges in the Anglo-Saxon conquest of the Empire and America.
These shifted from British (Low) Latin and Late British to Old English (OE) after the Anglo-Saxon Conquest, in some areas over a period of about 300 years.
Bede's date for Germanic invasion of Britain by Hengist and Horsa; the Anglo-Saxon Conquest
Drawing on archaeology, history, study of the landscape, and place-name study, it describes how the Anglo-Saxon conquest was not an elite takeover or massive migration, but that instead, Germanic war bands who had been settled in Britain by Roman or Romano-British leaders revolted and conquered new territory.