Anglo-Saxon Conquest

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anglo-Saxon Conquest

 

the conquest of Britain by North German tribes—the Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Frisians—in the 5th and 6th centuries.

As of the mid-5th century, pirate raids on Britain were replaced by the immigration of considerable numbers of Germans to the coastal regions and into the heart of the country, in the face of stubborn opposition by the Britons. In the course of the Anglo-Saxon conquest, most of the Britons were exterminated, subjugated, or driven off to Scotland, Wales, and the Continent (present-day Brittany); in part they merged with the conquerors. By the end of the 6th century, the German tribes had successfully conquered most of Britain.

The power of royal authority, numerous bodyguards, and intensified exploitation of the subjugated population were part of the influence of the conquest on the structure of such kingdoms as Kent, Wessex, Sussex, Essex, East Anglia, Northumbria, and Mercia.

REFERENCE

Stenton, F. Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford, 1943.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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These shifted from British (Low) Latin and Late British to Old English (OE) after the Anglo-Saxon Conquest, in some areas over a period of about 300 years.
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Drawing on archaeology, history, study of the landscape, and place-name study, it describes how the Anglo-Saxon conquest was not an elite takeover or massive migration, but that instead, Germanic war bands who had been settled in Britain by Roman or Romano-British leaders revolted and conquered new territory.