ethnocentrism

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ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.

ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
References in periodicals archive ?
13) In this case, "our own" seems to refer to an Anglocentric Britain, perhaps even England exclusively.
Anglocentric tendencies are unsurprising given that the earliest Baptists seem to have been English Separatists, yet Baptists emerged long ago beyond English and North American borders.
82) is computable as the (unweighted) sum of the PB, AW, PA, and TW subscales (subscales affirming of psychological Africanity) and the sum of the PW and AB subscales yields an Anglocentric score (alpha = .
Indeed, at times the book has an unmistakably Britocentric feel (not Anglocentric, at least).
The perspective of these books is explicitly Anglocentric.
Rectifying the anglocentric view that slave narratives were the only or most authentic form of black voices from the past, Jenson provides probing analyses of Creole poetry, political discourse, and other materials.
To account for practices of state-built racism as motivated by or practiced because of 'fear' runs the risk of reproducing the same anglocentric logic that the explanation purportedly sets out to critique.
I mean, I'm sure Clive Tyldesley used to be a dreary, cliche-spouting nostalgic who shoehorned embarrassingly fawning Anglocentric references into every game possible, but just look at him now
Specifically, I want to argue the case for using colonial Vietnam to give French History courses a World History perspective and to offer World History courses a French alternative to the generally Anglocentric narrative.
EU High Representative Catherine Ashton defended her vision for the European External Action Service (EEAS) to member states at the 3 March meeting of their 27 ambassadors to the EU, amid a storm of criticisms that her top appointments would be too Anglocentric and the service would leech too much power from existing institutions.
If Jackson is right about new TLDs not catching on, it's possible that the average American may not notice either of these changes, but with a new focus on internationalism and the increasing customizability of domain names, ICANN is making it clear that the old days of an Anglocentric, top-down, commercially oriented internet are drawing to a close.