ethnocentrism

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ethnocentrism,

the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.

ethnocentrism

  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast, the negative Anglocentric score correlation with DIBCT-I was statistically significantly less than its negative correlation with DIBCT.
More than just an intellectual matter, these curricular reactions to emergent Scottish, Irish, Welsh, and Manx language movements were instrumental in the construction of the isles as an Anglocentric British state.
(6) I aver that although some Welsh Romantic novels, like Lockhart's Peter's Letters, seem to enact this model of Anglocentric imperial appropriation, others trouble it by conceiving of the Welsh (and by extension British) national identity as consciously reliant upon fictionalized history and invented tradition.
Shakespeare was, not surprisingly, Anglocentric in his histories, but his tragedies and some of his comedies ranged widely across the known world, from Italy to Egypt.
James Willoughby's otherwise Anglocentric chapter also takes in the English hospital in Rome and pays much attention to the imported (Latin) books desired by his educated audience.
Francis Xavier University in 2011, plus five invited chapters and an introduction--means to redress outdated tendencies in Celtic Studies scholarship, including the perpetuation of an anglocentric master narrative that elides the "identity and historical experiences of Celtic-speaking peoples in the Americas" under those of their colonial rulers.
The London-based media are largely anglocentric in their reporting, covering decisions and strategies that are specifically English in their delivery and outcome.
In a text moving beyond an exclusively Anglocentric perspective on culture and cultural tourism, and linking cultural heritage and identity, Raj (Leeds Metropolitan U., UK), Griffin (Dublin Institute of Technology), and Morpeth (Leeds) introduce conceptual, theoretical, policy, marketing, and management dimensions examined by international contributors.
Ngugi wa Thiong'o argument is that the more the critical temper of the African is influenced by the Anglocentric critical tradition, the more gradual they become, in the words of James Baldwin, "Black Westerners" (Baldwin qtd.
The bright open illustrations showing some of the endless possibilities for picturing dads is primarily Anglocentric in its perspective with a nod in the direction of Aussie men.
Anglocentric tendencies are unsurprising given that the earliest Baptists seem to have been English Separatists, yet Baptists emerged long ago beyond English and North American borders.
The Africentric score (alpha = .82) is computable as the (unweighted) sum of the PB, AW, PA, and TW subscales (subscales affirming of psychological Africanity) and the sum of the PW and AB subscales yields an Anglocentric score (alpha = .46).