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Ankara (ăngˈkərə, Turk. ängˈkärä), city (2021 pop. 4,587,558), capital of Turkey and Ankara prov., W central Turkey, at an elevation of c.3,000 ft (910 m). Turkey's largest city after İstanbul, Ankara is primarily an administrative city, but it is also an important commercial, industrial, and cultural center. Grains, vegetables, and fruit are grown nearby. Manufactures include food products, wine, farm machinery, iron and steel, textiles, and cement. Angoran goats bred there are famous for the mohair made from their coats. Tourism is increasingly important, and the service sector is expanding.

Known in ancient times as Ancyra and later as Angora, the city was an important commercial center at least as early as Hittite times (18th cent. B.C.). in the 1st cent. A.D. it became the capital of a Roman province. It flourished under Augustus; in the ruins of a marble temple dating from his reign (31 B.C.–A.D. 14) was found the Monumentum Ancyranum, a set of inscribed tablets valuable as a record of Augustan history. The city was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in the mid-14th cent., and in 1402 Timur defeated and captured Sultan Beyazid I there.

In the late 19th cent. Ankara declined and by the early 20th cent. was a small town known only for the production of mohair. In 1920, Kemal Atatürk made the city the seat of his Turkish nationalist government with a commitment to modernization. In 1923 it replaced İstanbul as the capital of all Turkey, partly to break with tradition and partly to take advantage of its central location. The city grew rapidly from the 1920s; in the 1960s its population almost doubled.

There are few historic remains. Ankara's leading modern monument is the Atatürk mausoleum, completed in 1953. The huge Kocatepe Mosque opened in 1987. The city has numerous museums, including the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, and is the seat of the Ankara, Hacettepe, and Middle East Technical universities.

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a. the long soft hair of the outer coat of the Angora goat or the fur of the Angora rabbit
b. yarn, cloth, or clothing made from this hair
c. a material made to resemble this yarn or cloth
d. (as modifier): an angora sweater
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The most appropriate models (Model 4) from the single trait analyses for Clip I, II, III and weaning weight were used for bivariate analysis for estimation of genetic, phenotypic, and environmental correlations between different economic traits of Angora rabbit (Table 3).
The body weight records of German Angora rabbit at weaning (42 d) and post weaning (84, 126 and 168 d) were obtained for a period of seven years from 2002 to 2008.
Declining population of sheep in the region forced the villagers to turn to Angora rabbit breeding, when the state rural development ministry launched the Angora wool scheme in March 2002.
ABI HUGGINS admits she's a sucker for a sob story so when she spotted Shaun the Angora rabbit, all shaved and forlorn she just had to adopt him.
...many major retailers such as Gap, H&M and Tommy Hilfiger have now banned the sale of Angora rabbit fur due to the cruel way it is harvested.
Angora rabbit wool production in a particular area, under conventional rearing system, is influenced greatly by climatic conditions, nutrition and management other than germplasm.
"I re-homed an angora rabbit from the RSPCA and he's a fantastic character who makes a wonderful pet.
Q MY angora rabbit has a small bald patch with dry, flaky skin surrounding it.
ANIMAL FIBER DIAMETER Vicun 6-10 microns Alpaca (Suri) 10-15 microns Musk Ox (Qiviut) 11-13 microns Angora Rabbit 13 microns Cashmere (goat) 15-19 microns Yak Down 15-19 microns Guanaco 16-18 microns Merino (sheep) 12-20 microns Chinchilla 21 microns Mohair (goat) 25-45 microns Alpaca (Huacaya) 27.7 microns Llama (Tapada) 20-30 microns Llama (Ccara) 30-40 microns Derrie Frost wrote for a number of publications from her home in Winter Park, Florida.
She said, 'It's got angora rabbit hair in it so it's very soft and silky.
I obtained a permit (and now get one every year) and listed my homemade goat milk soap, various jellies, dried herbs, vegetables I hoped to grow, items made from my Angora rabbit fur (that spinning and learning is still in progress!), and anything else I could think of that I produced on the farm.
Finding deer almost every day down by the bush; waking to our cockerels crowing in the mornings; gathering warm eggs from the coop; drinking our own goat milk; walking into the corral and being surrounded by my goats all waiting for their cuddle; spinning my own angora rabbit fiber ...