Angular Measures

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Measures, Angular


measures that are used to reproduce angles of given value. Angular measures can be single-valued or multivalued. Angle blocks are single-valued angular measures; some of the multivalued angular measures are polyhedral prisms (see Figure 1), limbs, and circular scales. Angle blocks are steel blocks 5 mm thick with one or four dihedral angles formed by the lateral faces of the block. Blocks with working angles of one minute (1’) to 100° are assembled into sets consisting of 93, 33, or fewer measures in such a way that from three to five measures can be combined into blocks having intervals of 1°, 1′, or 15 seconds (15″). Special holders are used to assemble angle blocks into sets. Angle blocks are made in three classes of precision: class 0, class 1, and class 2, with errors up to 3” for class 0 and up to 30″ for class 2.

Figure 1. Prismatic angular measures (Greek letters denote the angles reproduced by the measures, and dimensions are given in millimeters)

Polyhedral prisms are made of glass, fused quartz, and steel; the number of faces is usually as high as 36 and is sometimes as high as 72. Permissible deviations of working angles are from ± 5′ for class 0 to ± 30″; for class 2.

Limbs are usually a part of various angle-measuring instruments, such as goniometers, theodolites, quadrants, and dividing heads. Limbs are made with various accuracies, with scale divisions from 1′to 10′ and above, and with errors from 1″ to 10″.

According to their metrological purpose, angular measures are classified as base standards and working standards.


GOST 2875–62: Mery uglovye prismaticheskie.
Eidinov, V. la. Izmerenie uglov v mashinostroenii. Moscow, 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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