A novel device to evaluate the stiffness of ankle-foot orthosis
Verbeek, "Walking ability of stroke patients: efficacy of tibial nerve blocking and a polypropylene ankle-foot orthosis
," Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.
Tokuda et al., "Development of shear type compact MR brake for the intelligent ankle-foot orthosis
and its control," in Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE 10th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics (ICORR '07), pp.
Depending on the severity of the lesion and extent of symptoms, an ankle-foot orthosis
can be used for toe clearance during ambulation.
Anterior ankle-foot orthosis
effects on postural stability in hemiplegic patients.
Abbreviations: 3D = three-dimensional, AFO = ankle-foot orthosis
, CAD = computer-aided design, CF = carbon fiber, CT = computed tomography, F-D = force-displacement, FEA = finite element analysis, PLS = posterior leaf spring, Std = standard, STL = stereolithography.
Grissom S, Blanton S (2001) Treatment of upper motorneuron plantiflexion contractures by using an adjustable ankle-foot orthosis
. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 82: 270-273.
Other conservative measures include shoe modification, the use of an ankle-foot orthosis
, or lateral heel wedges.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of an ankle-foot orthosis
on gait biomechanics after stroke.
Abbreviations: AFO = ankle-foot orthosis
, CL = controlled lowering phase, EMG = electromyography, FNS = functional neuromuscular stimulation, FSR = force sensitive resistor, GUI = graphical user interface, HNP = hybrid neuroprosthesis, IPI = interpulse interval, LO = leg off phase, LP = leg pull through phase, PW = pulse width, PWM = pulse width modulation, SCI = spinal cord injury, VIKM = variable impedance knee mechanism, VIKM-HNP = hybrid neuroprosthesis including a variable impedance knee mechanism.
In the past, the treatment for foot drop was a rigid plastic ankle-foot orthosis
(AFO) worn around the leg.
The patient was admitted to the neurological rehabilitation program and was able to ambulate using a pair of plastic ankle-foot orthosis