Anna Leopoldovna

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Anna Leopoldovna

Anna Leopoldovna (änˈnə) (lyāˌəpôlˈdəvnə) or Anna Karlovna (kärˈləvnə), 1718–46, duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, regent of Russia (1740–41); daughter of Charles Leopold, duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and of Catherine, sister of Czarina Anna of Russia. She married the prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and their son, Ivan VI, succeeded (1740) Anna as czar. After the deposition of Ivan by Czarina Elizabeth, Anna Leopoldovna and her husband were imprisoned. She died in childbirth.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anna Leopol’dovna


Born Dec. 7, 1718, in Rostock; died Mar. 7, 1746, in Kholmogory. “Ruler” of the Russian empire during the reign of Ivan VI Antonovich, from Nov. 9, 1740, to Nov. 25, 1741.

Anna Leopol’dovna, daughter of the duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Ekaterina Ivanovna (daughter of Tsar Ivan V Alekseevich), lived in Russia from 1722 on. In 1739 she was married to Prince Anton Ulrich of Braunschweig. Anna Ivanovna declared her minor son heir to the throne under the name of Ivan VI, appointing Biron as regent. After a palace revolution that deposed Biron, Anna Leopol’dovna was proclaimed regent under Ivan VI. She did not play any political role. When Elizaveta Petrovna came to the throne, Ivan VI was arrested and Anna Leopol’dovna was exiled with her family to Kholmogory.


Ocherki istorii SSSR. Rossiia vo vtoroi chetverti XVIII v. Moscow, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.