Anna Freud

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Anna Freud
Known for Work on the nature of Ego

Freud, Anna

(froid), 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children. She received her training in Vienna before emigrating (1938) with her father to England, where she founded and directed a clinic for child therapy. In an influential 1937 work, she argued that the ego had an active role in resolving conflict and tension. Other psychoanalysts, including Heinz Hartmann and Erik EriksonErikson, Erik,
1902–94, American psychoanalyst, b. Germany. As a young man he traveled throughout Europe. He became a teacher in a Vienna private school and trained as a psychoanalyst (1927–33) under Anna Freud, specializing in child psychology.
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, advanced her ideas in their own work. Her writings include Normality and Pathology in Childhood (1965) and The Writings of Anna Freud (7 vol., 1973).


See biographies by E. Young-Bruehl (1988) and R. Coles (1992); study by S. Stewart-Steinberg (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Duchess of Cambridge visits the Anna Freud Centre in London
The Duchess of Cambridge during a tour of the Anna Freud Centre in London
In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volumes XVIII, translated from the German under the general editorship of James Strachey, in collaboration with Anna Freud, assisted by Alix Strachey and Alan Tyson.
Dr Kris died in 1980 and passed on her Monroe rights to the clinic, run by her family friend, Anna Freud.
Freud, Sigmund, The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, translated from the German under the general editorship of James Strachey, in collaboration with Anna Freud, assisted by Alix Strachey and Alan Tyson, London: Hogarth press and Institute of psycho-analysis.
Anna Freud and later child psychotherapists Margaret Lowenfeld and Melanie Klein believed that children communicate their unconscious thoughts, desires and emotions through playing games.
Child analysts such as Anna Freud and Klein used data derived from treating children.
The roster of those who devoted at least some of their time to clinic practice includes many familiar names: Sigmund and Anna Freud, Erik Erikson, Carl Jung, Bruno Bettelheim, Melanie Klein, Wilhelm Reich, Karen Horney, Erich Fromm, and Alfred Adler.
Psychoanalysis for Teachers and Parents: Introductory Lectures by Anna Freud.
Klein and Anna Freud but still strongly committed to child analysis.
priority given to the Ego by Anna Freud in her focus on ego defences.
In a standard child psychology text published in 1931 Anna Freud stated: "The normality of the entire later life of the child, its ability to love and procreate" are "dependent on the fate of the infantile sexuality," a claim that would become an orthodoxy within much of the psychological establishment.