Anna Ivanovna

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Anna Ivanovna:

see AnnaAnna
(Anna Ivanovna) , 1693–1740, czarina of Russia (1730–40), daughter of Ivan V and niece of Peter I (Peter the Great). On the death of her distant cousin, Peter II, she was chosen czarina by the supreme privy council, which thus hoped to gain power for itself.
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, czarina of Russia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anna Ivanovna


Born Jan. 28, 1693, in Moscow; died Oct. 17, 1740, in St. Petersburg. Russian empress from Jan. 25, 1730.

Anna Ivanovna was the daughter of Ivan V Alekseevich and niece of Peter I. In 1710 she married a Courland duke. Soon becoming a widow, she lived in Courland. She was offered the throne by the verkhovniki (who were the members of the Supreme Privy Council) under the Konditsii (Conditions), which would have limited autocracy in favor of the feudal aristocracy. With the support of the nobility and the officers of the guard, Anna Ivanovna refused to fulfill the Konditsii on Feb. 25, 1730. The Supreme Privy Council was liquidated. The nobility received important privileges (exclusive right to own inhabited estates, restriction of the period of civilian and military service to 25 years, repeal of the law of undivided inheritance, and others). Limited in intelligence, lazy, and little educated, Anna Ivanovna paid scant attention to state affairs, devoting herself to feasts and entertainment. Her main supporters were the Baltic German nobles who occupied the dominant position in the government, with the favorite E. I. Biron at their head.


Kostomarov, N. Russkaia istoriia v zhizneopisaniakh ee glavneishikh deiatelei,5th ed., book 3. St. Petersburg, 1913.
Stroev, V. Bironovshchina i Kabinet ministrov: Ocherk vnutrennei politiki imperatritsy Anny, parts 1–2. Moscow-St. Petersburg, 1909–10.
Istoriia SSSR: S drevneishikh vremen do nashikh dnei, vol. 3. Moscow, 1967. Pages 259–69.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anna Ivanovna Yelfimova and Andrey Alek-sandrovich Yelfimova, 339 Meadowbrook Court Apt.
Her success smoothed the way for the other four women (Anna Ivanovna, Anna Leopoldovna, Elizabeth, and Catherine II) to rule without much objection premised on gender considerations.
In fact, the authors, while vying with each other for revisionist laurels, disagree on several reigns; for instance, Aleksandr Mylnikov's study of Peter III (1761-1762) contradicts Victor Naumov's attempt to offer a new and sympathetic portrait of Elizabeth I (1741-1761), while Aleksandr Kamenskii disputes Mylnikov's rehabilitation of Peter and Evgenii Anisimov's major reassessment of Anna Ivanovna (1730-1740).