Anna Leopoldovna

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Anna Leopoldovna

(än`nə lyā'əpôl`dəvnə) or

Anna Karlovna

(kär`ləvnə), 1718–46, duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, regent of Russia (1740–41); daughter of Charles Leopold, duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and of Catherine, sister of Czarina Anna of Russia. She married the prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and their son, Ivan VIIvan VI,
1740–64, czar of Russia (1740–41), great-grandson of Ivan V. He was the son of Prince Anthony Ulric of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and of Anna Leopoldovna.
..... Click the link for more information.
, succeeded (1740) Anna as czar. After the deposition of Ivan by Czarina ElizabethElizabeth,
1709–62, czarina of Russia (1741–62), daughter of Peter I and Catherine I. She gained the throne by overthrowing the young czar, Ivan VI, and the regency of his mother, Anna Leopoldovna.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Anna Leopoldovna and her husband were imprisoned. She died in childbirth.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anna Leopol’dovna


Born Dec. 7, 1718, in Rostock; died Mar. 7, 1746, in Kholmogory. “Ruler” of the Russian empire during the reign of Ivan VI Antonovich, from Nov. 9, 1740, to Nov. 25, 1741.

Anna Leopol’dovna, daughter of the duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Ekaterina Ivanovna (daughter of Tsar Ivan V Alekseevich), lived in Russia from 1722 on. In 1739 she was married to Prince Anton Ulrich of Braunschweig. Anna Ivanovna declared her minor son heir to the throne under the name of Ivan VI, appointing Biron as regent. After a palace revolution that deposed Biron, Anna Leopol’dovna was proclaimed regent under Ivan VI. She did not play any political role. When Elizaveta Petrovna came to the throne, Ivan VI was arrested and Anna Leopol’dovna was exiled with her family to Kholmogory.


Ocherki istorii SSSR. Rossiia vo vtoroi chetverti XVIII v. Moscow, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Her success smoothed the way for the other four women (Anna Ivanovna, Anna Leopoldovna, Elizabeth, and Catherine II) to rule without much objection premised on gender considerations.