Anna Pavlovna Filosofova

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Filosofova, Anna Pavlovna


(née Diagileva). Born Aug. 5 (17), 1837, in St. Petersburg; died there Mar. 17 (30), 1912. Figure in the women’s movement in Russia.

Filosofova was born into a rich noble family and was educated at home. Together with N. V. Stasova and M. V. Trubnikova, she organized a women’s circle, which was instrumental in the establishment of the first general-education courses for women in St. Petersburg in 1870 and the Bestuzhev Advanced Courses for Women in 1878. Filosofova headed a number of philanthropic societies after 1859. She was active in the international women’s movement, becoming vice-president of the International Council of Women in 1899. During the Revolution of 1905–07 she sided with the Constitutional Democrats (Cadets) and opposed the participation of women in the revolutionary movement. She was chairman of the First All-Russian Women’s Congress in 1908.


Sbornik pamiati A. P. Filosofovoi, vols. 1–2. Petrograd, 1915.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, several important Russian female champions of the new morals of Russian society, the position of women within it, and their "new ideals" are neglected: Ekaterina Ivanovna Dykhova (1849-1936), who fought for the rights of women in her published novels and in her daily life; Anna Pavlovna Filosofova (1837-1912), a celebrated social figure who stood at the head of the feminist movement in Russia at that time (she chaired the committee for the creation of Vladimirsky Women's University in 1872); and Filosofova's friend Nadezhda Vasilievna Stasova, who was instrumental in founding the famous Bestuzhevsky University for Women in 1878.