Annaba


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Annaba

(ăn-näb`ə), formerly

Bône

(bōn), city (1998 pop. 348,554), capital of Annaba prov., extreme NE Algeria, a port on the Mediterranean Sea. One of the country's leading ports, the city is also an important administrative, commercial, and industrial center. The large El Hadjar steelworks, built with French and Soviet financial and technical aid, constitutes the chief industry; others include chemical (superphosphate) manufacturing, food canning, cork production, and railway construction. Founded by the Phoenicians, the city became a favorite residence of the Numidian kings. Under the Romans, it was called Hippo Regius and was a center of early Christianity, the episcopal see of St. AugustineAugustine, Saint
, Lat. Aurelius Augustinus, 354–430, one of the Latin Fathers of the Church and a Doctor of the Church, bishop of Hippo (near present-day Annaba, Algeria), b. Tagaste (c.40 mi/60 km S of Hippo). Life

Augustine's mother, St.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The city was captured by the Vandals in 431. After the Arab conquest of Algeria in the 7th cent., Annaba became an important Muslim city and port. Spanish forces occupied it in the 16th cent. During the 17th and 18th cent., Annaba was a busy center for European trade. The French took the city in 1832. Landmarks include the Great Mosque and the Cathedral of St. Augustine.

Annaba

 

(Bône), a city in northeastern Algeria, situated on the Mediterranean Sea. Its population was 168,800 in 1966. It is the administrative center of Annaba wilaya. Annaba is a major industrial and transportation center and seaport for the export of iron ore, phosphorites, and agricultural raw materials. In 1965 it had a freight turnover of 3.1 million tons, which includes the export of 2.8 million tons. It is also a railway and highway junction. The first section of a metallurgical complex, which is being built with the assistance of the USSR, has gone into operation (1968). Its industries include metalworking, food and food processing, chemicals, and textiles. There is a large thermal electric power plant. The ruins of ancient Hippo are located not far from the city. Among Annaba’s architectural monuments is the mosque of Sidi-bou-Merouan (11th century, extensively rebuilt). Annaba has an old city with a Casbah (fortress) and new sections with modern buildings (a theater seating 1,200 persons, a sports stadium, and others).

Annaba

a port in NE Algeria: site of the Roman city of Hippo Regius. Pop.: 382 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
- Depart de Tunis vers Annaba chaque lundi, mercredi et vendredi a 08h25.
The Gulf of Annaba situated in eastern Algeria is limited by capes: Rosa in the East (8[degrees]15'LE - 36[degrees]38'LN) and Garde in the West (7[degrees]16'LE - 36[degrees]68'LN).
Reports by the same source have said that three Algerian army units are currently chasing the runaways at the entrance of Annaba, 598 kilometers from the city of Algiers.
The Annaba plant consists of two sulphuric acid units with a combined capacity of 495,000 t/y, one 165,000 t/y phosphoric acid unit, one diammonium phosphate unit with a capacity of 330,000 t/y, several units to produce 550,000 t/y of compound fertilisers, plus phosphate pulverising and storage facilities.
The topographic study over the years "1995-2005" has given practical information on meteorological conditions and specific wind condition of various cities of Algeria; we are interested only in this work on Algerian regions such as "Annaba, east Algeria.
We are pleased to continue our work with Fertial as it expands its Annaba and Arzew ammonia plants."
The investment agreement includes an initiative to more than double the Annaba steel complex's annual production capacity to 2.2m tonnes by 2017.
Gelsenwasser had been awarded a 5.5-year management contract in 2008 to improve the water and wastewater infrastructure in the towns of Annaba and train the workforce of local utility SEATA.
The crackdown did not stop another demonstration in Annaba Sunday, where four police officers were slightly injured during clashes with young protesters outside the local government headquarters.
Although the German Group 3 winner Anno Luce was the only one of her 11 foals to win at stakes level, Anna Paola proved to be a shrewd early investment, with her daughters producing the globe-trotting Annus Mirabilis, classy stayer Pozarica, Prix du Conseil de Paris winner Annaba and this season's smart 1m2f filly Middle Club, who was bred by Bob McCreery.
Djilani, Phytochemistry Laboratory; Annaba University, B.O.