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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



written records of the most important events by year, an early form of historical narrative source. Yearly records existed in antiquity among many peoples, but the term “annals” is of ancient Roman derivation. Such records originally developed in ancient Rome as official yearly records of the most important events (they were managed by a priestly pontifical college); they were set down on boards covered with gypsum and exhibited for all to become familiar with. Apparently, these most ancient annals perished when Rome burned in 387 B.C. and were subsequently reconstructed by memory, reworked, and continued. About 130 B.C. the annals were collected in 80 books (the collection Great Annals). Between 123 and 114 B.C. the keeping of the annals ceased; however, they served as a source for the works of the annalists. (These works, as well as some other works of ancient authors such as Tacitus, are called annals.)

The first medieval annals appeared in the sixth century. As a rule, they were composed in monasteries (in the Frankish state, also at the royal court; the most important Frankish annals were the Annals of the Frankish Kingdom). The annals generally consisted of short yearly records of events, but sometimes the name is also applied to more detailed historical works that actually approach chronicles—for example, the annals of Lambert Von Hersfeld of the 11th century and certain urban annals like the Great Milanese Annals of the 12th century. In Rus’ the letopisi corresponded to annals and chronicles.


Martynov, G. “O nachale rimskoi letopisi.” Uch. zap. MGU, otdel istoriko-filologicheskii, 1904, no. 32.
Radtsig, N. “Nachalo rimskoi letopisi.” Uch. zap. MGU, otdel istoriko-filologicheskii, 1904, no. 32.
Liublinskaia, A. D. Istochnikovedenie istorii srednikh vekov. Leningrad, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is followed by a short comparison by Anton Scharer of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle with the earlier Royal Frankish Annals. In 'Marking Boundaries: Charters and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle', Scott Thompson Smith contends that for the years 900--46 the text functioned as a charter for the expanding kingdom of Wessex through the mention of place-names and landscape markers, a suggestion that is likely to generate much debate.
The narrative progress of the annal requires a particular sequencing to which "in turn" or "in the sequel" is appropriate, whether in a temporal or a conceptual sense.
The annal is perhaps the simplest form of such detached recording.
"Yoknapatawpha," I suggest, is a convenient shorthand for Faulkner's literary project, a project by which he sought to chronicle the existence of the rich and complex interior lives of "the men and women who made [him], the record and annal of [his] native land." The deeper significance of the record and the annal is not in the outward events but in the intellectual content of those movements, those abstractions Faulkner was fond of, which never ring quite true when separated from their physical origins, "ambition and fear and lust and courage and abnegation and pity and honor and sin and pride," and so forth.
Annal and his brother, who inherited the island from their uncle, have tried previously to take the cows across to the Orkney mainland, but have always been unsuccessful.
For example, annal 1065 contains writing which is possibly that of scribes ten to thirteen.
There seems little point in the annal if they did not perform, and it seems to have been considered a mark of honour that they came.
The Xochimilcans soon became the undisputed master chinampa builders; but being nearest the Aztec capital in adjoining Lake Texcoco, they were also the first to bow to them in a battle which is recounted in a bloodcurdling war annal. Chinampas covered some 20,000 hectares (45,000 acres) and in the two southern lakes.
Black, who has been addressing newspaper people around the country about the new newspaper mega-association and its goals, presented some similar details during her report to the annal ANPA convention in New York City on May 4.
Thus, for the sichel in the Mur, higher mean values were observed for the total body length (1), eye diameter (6), predorsal distance (8), preanal distance (9), length of base D (13), length P (15), height of annal fin (18), distance preorbital (5) and postorbital distance (7); lower mean values were observed for the head length (3), head height (4), postorbital distance (7), maximum body height (10), caudal peduncle length (11), minimum body height (12), length of base A (14), length V (16), height of the dorsal fin (17), distance P-V(19), distance V-A (20) and head height (4).