Annales school


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Annales school

the group of sociologically inclined French historians associated with the journal Annales d'histoire économique et sociale, founded in 1929 by Lucien Febvre and Marc BLOCH. Its links with Marxism have been particularly strong, as have its links with sociology Distinguished by their opposition to traditional, national, political, chronological and narrative history members of the school have in particular emphasized the importance of social and economic history and longterm historical trends. As well as breaking with conventional units and methods of analysis in historical studies, the approaches employed included extensive consideration of geophysical and demographic factors as well as cultural and social structural factors. An example of the work of members of the school is Blochs Feudal Society, which combines comparative analysis and great novelty with scrupulous attention to detail. More recently the work of Fernand BRAUDEL, with its emphasis on writing all-embracing ‘global history’, has been especially influential within the social sciences, e.g. on the work of Immanuel WALLERSTEIN on the WORLD SYSTEM. See also HISTORY OF MENTALITIES.
References in periodicals archive ?
This interpretation of a long time history was the contribution of the Annales school (French pronunciation: [a'nal]) of a group of historians in France to stress long-term social history.
This is a form of historical scholarship that has, perhaps unjustly, fallen out of favor in the last few years in favor of broad, sweeping studies more reminiscent of the Annales school.
Profusely illustrated with colorful maps and photographs, deploying a historical synthesis in the spirit of the Annales School, "Early Medieval Ireland 431-1169" is an exceptionally informative and highly recommended history of Early Medieval Ireland for both students and the non-specialist general reader with an interest in the subject.
In the 1930s and 1940s, Lucien Febvre, a member of the Annales School, called for histories of love, joy, and cruelty, arguing that modern conceptions of these emotions had little to do with their meaning or expression in other times.
The OED also offers definitions of the term "school" unrelated to the influence of a putative founding figure, suggesting a more expansive meaning: that of "a group of people" sharing "a particular opinion, practice, [or] custom" and/or drawn to a distinctive "style, approach, or method." (3) Something similar appears in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, which illustrates the term "school" with a reference to the historians associated with the French journal Annales, with the clear implication that the "Annales school" stands for a specifically Annaliste way of doing things.
The Annales School and the Environmental History of Latin America
An examination of contacts between the Sublime Porte and the Muslim Lands Below the Winds illustrates this 'new "configuration of history" 'that comes out of emerging fields of academic inquiry, such as Indian Ocean Studies, applying a research template inspired by the now classical work of Annales School historian Fernand Braudel on the maritime expanse encompassing the Mediterranean World and the Atlantic.
Such accounts by professional historiographic historians typically attributed this "new" field to the convergence of history and cultural anthropological studies, and reference the late French Annales School, feminist theory, postcolonial studies and French post-structuralism as key influences, all occurring since the end of the Second World War.
It has been hypothesized that the celebrated geographer and anarchist Elisee Reclus was a decisive influence on several concepts that are characteristic of the Annales School, the historical French school of the Annales d'histoire economique et sociale, such as longue duree, material history, space-movement, and geohistory.
Although there were earlier precedents in the work of Norbert Elias and members of the Annales school, the rise of social and cultural history has led to a distinct uptick in the practice of emotions history since the 1980s.
From the Annales school's attention to mentalites, to the American New Left and the British neo-Marxist historians of the 1960s and 70s, scholars have tried to decenter and turn a top-down history upside down by tracing the collective, political movements that affected laborers, peasants, and marginal classes.