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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



written records of the most important events by year, an early form of historical narrative source. Yearly records existed in antiquity among many peoples, but the term “annals” is of ancient Roman derivation. Such records originally developed in ancient Rome as official yearly records of the most important events (they were managed by a priestly pontifical college); they were set down on boards covered with gypsum and exhibited for all to become familiar with. Apparently, these most ancient annals perished when Rome burned in 387 B.C. and were subsequently reconstructed by memory, reworked, and continued. About 130 B.C. the annals were collected in 80 books (the collection Great Annals). Between 123 and 114 B.C. the keeping of the annals ceased; however, they served as a source for the works of the annalists. (These works, as well as some other works of ancient authors such as Tacitus, are called annals.)

The first medieval annals appeared in the sixth century. As a rule, they were composed in monasteries (in the Frankish state, also at the royal court; the most important Frankish annals were the Annals of the Frankish Kingdom). The annals generally consisted of short yearly records of events, but sometimes the name is also applied to more detailed historical works that actually approach chronicles—for example, the annals of Lambert Von Hersfeld of the 11th century and certain urban annals like the Great Milanese Annals of the 12th century. In Rus’ the letopisi corresponded to annals and chronicles.


Martynov, G. “O nachale rimskoi letopisi.” Uch. zap. MGU, otdel istoriko-filologicheskii, 1904, no. 32.
Radtsig, N. “Nachalo rimskoi letopisi.” Uch. zap. MGU, otdel istoriko-filologicheskii, 1904, no. 32.
Liublinskaia, A. D. Istochnikovedenie istorii srednikh vekov. Leningrad, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Readers of this and other volumes of Annals should find ample opportunity in these pages to enrich their general understanding of the range of Asian studies.
"By publishing the best new primary care research, methodology, theory, and commentary, the Annals will foster the knowledge base for the generalist health care disciplines."
For specialists in the study of history, nothing is easier than |to write~ annals and biographies, and nothing is more difficult than tables and monographs.
This article concentrates on a fraction of Du Yu's expository writings and running comments, (14) targeting his specific assertions about his tripartite conception of the Annals and the Zuo Tradition's ability to explicate that conception.
Meanwhile, more than 20,000 annals on industry, military and townships have also been produced, the statement said.
The study was published in the journal Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.
One of the most fascinating aspects of the Annals of the Four Masters is the huge difference between their cult status and actual engagement with the text.
Outgoing Accuro chief executive Bruce Morrison said Annals' experience as NZNO chief executive and in a range of clinical and managerial positions within the public health sector meant he was uniquely positioned to take over the role.
The 'Annals of Multyfarnham'; Roscommon and Connacht provenance.
The study, published recently in the Annals of Internal Medicine, found that sulfonylureas were associated with a 21 percent increased risk for acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), stroke or death compared to metformin.
She is on the editorial boards of the Annals of Surgery, Journal of Surgery, Journal of Surgical Oncology and Breast Disease Quarterly and is the breast section editor of the Annals of Surgical Oncology.

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