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written records of the most important events by year, an early form of historical narrative source. Yearly records existed in antiquity among many peoples, but the term “annals” is of ancient Roman derivation. Such records originally developed in ancient Rome as official yearly records of the most important events (they were managed by a priestly pontifical college); they were set down on boards covered with gypsum and exhibited for all to become familiar with. Apparently, these most ancient annals perished when Rome burned in 387 B.C. and were subsequently reconstructed by memory, reworked, and continued. About 130 B.C. the annals were collected in 80 books (the collection Great Annals). Between 123 and 114 B.C. the keeping of the annals ceased; however, they served as a source for the works of the annalists. (These works, as well as some other works of ancient authors such as Tacitus, are called annals.)

The first medieval annals appeared in the sixth century. As a rule, they were composed in monasteries (in the Frankish state, also at the royal court; the most important Frankish annals were the Annals of the Frankish Kingdom). The annals generally consisted of short yearly records of events, but sometimes the name is also applied to more detailed historical works that actually approach chronicles—for example, the annals of Lambert Von Hersfeld of the 11th century and certain urban annals like the Great Milanese Annals of the 12th century. In Rus’ the letopisi corresponded to annals and chronicles.


Martynov, G. “O nachale rimskoi letopisi.” Uch. zap. MGU, otdel istoriko-filologicheskii, 1904, no. 32.
Radtsig, N. “Nachalo rimskoi letopisi.” Uch. zap. MGU, otdel istoriko-filologicheskii, 1904, no. 32.
Liublinskaia, A. D. Istochnikovedenie istorii srednikh vekov. Leningrad, 1955.
References in classic literature ?
For the last seventy years the most noted event in the Pyncheon annals had been likewise the heaviest calamity that ever befell the race; no less than the violent death--for so it was adjudged--of one member of the family by the criminal act of another.
The spectacle of this evening, if the oldest members of the provincial court circle might be believed, was the most gay and gorgeous affair that had occurred in the annals of the government.
It was a 'Sonnet to the Snow on Mount Washington,' and had been contributed that very afternoon, bearing a signature of great distinction in magazines and annals.
The place was large enough to afford half an hour's strolling without the monotony of treading continually the same path; and, for those who love to peruse the annals of graveyards, here was variety of inscription enough to occupy the attention for double or treble that space of time.
His calculations had been just, and he had wandered about the rotunda for only ten minutes, looking again at the paintings, commemorative of the national annals, which occupy its lower spaces, and at the simulated sculptures, so touchingly characteristic of early American taste, which adorn its upper reaches, when the charming women he had been counting on presented themselves in charge of a licensed guide.
He spoke of the value of all he read into it, into the mere sight of the walls, mere shapes of the rooms, mere sound of the floors, mere feel, in his hand, of the old silver-plated knobs of the several mahogany doors, which suggested the pressure of the palms of the dead the seventy years of the past in fine that these things represented, the annals of nearly three generations, counting his grandfather's, the one that had ended there, and the impalpable ashes of his long-extinct youth, afloat in the very air like microscopic motes.
The hatred of the Portas and the Piombos and their terrible passions were inscribed on this page of the civil law as the annals of a people (contained, it may be, in one word only,--Napoleon, Robespierre) are engraved on a tombstone.
But I should be glad that you should add this case to your annals, for there are points in it which make it quite unique in the criminal records of this or, I believe, of any other country.
Tears came into the eyes of Retty Priddle, the pretty red-haired youngest--the last bud of the Paridelles, so important in the county annals.
The fight within that room, had it had but a competent chronicler, would go down in the annals of Barsoom as a historic memorial to the grim ferocity of her warlike people.
Before we die let us leave a memorial in the palace of Okar's tyrant that will stand forever in the annals of Kadabra to the honor and glory of Helium," for I had seen that all the prisoners there were men of Tardos Mors's navy.
If I must tell more tales of Raffles, I can but back to our earliest days together, and fill in the blanks left by discretion in existing annals.

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