Anne Frank


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Frank, Anne,

1929–45, German diarist, b. Frankfurt as Anneliese Marie Frank. In order to escape Nazi persecution, her family emigrated (1933) to Amsterdam, where her father Otto became a business owner. After the Nazis occupied the Netherlands, her family (along with several other Jews) hid for just over two years (1942–44) in a "secret annex" that was part of her father's office and warehouse building. During those years, Anne kept a diary characterized by poignancy, insight, humor, touching naiveté, and sometimes tart observation. The family was betrayed to the Germans in 1944, and at 15 Anne died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

Anne's diary was discovered by one of the family's helpers and after the war was given to her father, the only immediate family member to survive the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. Edited by him, The Diary of a Young Girl (1947) became an international best seller and has been translated into English (1952) and 66 other languages. It was also adapted into a play (1955) and a film (1959). A critical edition was published in 1986, and a complete edition, containing almost a third more material, appeared in 1995 on the 50th anniversary of her death. Anne Frank also wrote stories, fables, and essays, which were published in 1959. The Franks' Amsterdam hiding place is now a museum, there is a foundation established by her father, and institutions devoted to her exist in New York, Berlin, London, and other cities.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. Müller (tr. 1998) and C. A. Lee (1999); M. Gies, Anne Frank Remembered (1988); R. Van Der Rol and R. Verhoeven, Anne Frank, Beyond the Diary: A Photographic Remembrance (1995); C. A. Lee, The Hidden Life of Otto Frank (2003); F. Prose, Anne Frank: The Book, the Life, the Afterlife (2009); M. Metselaar and R. van der Rol, Anne Frank: Her Life in Words and Pictures (2010); W. Lindwer, The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank (documentary film, 1988, and book, 1992); J. Blair, dir., Anne Frank Remembered (documentary ilm, 1995).

Frank, Anne

(1929–1945) young Dutch girl found and killed by Nazis after years in hiding. [Dutch Lit.: Diary of Anne Frank]

Frank, Anne

(1929–1945) young Dutch diarist, died in Bergen-Belsen camp during WWII. [Jew. Hist.: Wigoder, 196]
References in periodicals archive ?
Learning through the eyes of Anne Frank, a young girl, is a lovely way into the topic as she writes about a lot of things that are familiar to the children.
More than 33,000 Japanese visit the Anne Frank house in Amsterdam annually.
Chairman of the Anne Frank in Australia, Boyd Klap, who is based in New Zealand said the exhibition has a message for everybody.
These are Year 9 students trained up by Anne Frank Trust staff to take the role of the teacher.
In partnership with the Anne Frank Trust, it is hoped that the exhibition will challenge prejudice and reduce hate through the story of the young girl's life.
asked someone on the Anne Frank House Facebook page.
Like Anne Frank, she who has taken up residence in Kugel's attic.
In 1959, American choreographer Adam Darius created "The Anne Frank Ballet.
In the two years her family hid from the Nazis during World War II, Anne Frank often gazed from her attic window at a giant k chestnut tree (right).
Anne Frank, hiding with her family from the Nazis, found a steady source of peace in cherished peeks of nature.
London, Aug 24 (ANI): A chestnut tree in Amsterdam that Jewish teenager Anne Frank wrote about in her World War II diary, got uprooted in high winds, said the museum dedicated to Frank.
BORN Hermine Santrouschitz, in Vienna, Miep Gies was the last surviving member of the group who helped Anne Frank and her family hide from the Nazis.