Anne Frank

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Frank, Anne,

1929–45, German diarist, b. Frankfurt as Anneliese Marie Frank. In order to escape Nazi persecution, her family emigrated (1933) to Amsterdam, where her father Otto became a business owner. After the Nazis occupied the Netherlands, her family (along with several other Jews) hid for just over two years (1942–44) in a "secret annex" that was part of her father's office and warehouse building. During those years, Anne kept a diary characterized by poignancy, insight, humor, touching naiveté, and sometimes tart observation. The family was betrayed to the Germans in 1944, and at 15 Anne died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

Anne's diary was discovered by one of the family's helpers and after the war was given to her father, the only immediate family member to survive the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. Edited by him, The Diary of a Young Girl (1947) became an international best seller and has been translated into English (1952) and 66 other languages. It was also adapted into a play (1955) and a film (1959). A critical edition was published in 1986, and a complete edition, containing almost a third more material, appeared in 1995 on the 50th anniversary of her death. Anne Frank also wrote stories, fables, and essays, which were published in 1959. The Franks' Amsterdam hiding place is now a museum, there is a foundation established by her father, and institutions devoted to her exist in New York, Berlin, London, and other cities.


See biographies by M. Müller (tr. 1998) and C. A. Lee (1999); M. Gies, Anne Frank Remembered (1988); R. Van Der Rol and R. Verhoeven, Anne Frank, Beyond the Diary: A Photographic Remembrance (1995); C. A. Lee, The Hidden Life of Otto Frank (2003); F. Prose, Anne Frank: The Book, the Life, the Afterlife (2009); M. Metselaar and R. van der Rol, Anne Frank: Her Life in Words and Pictures (2010); W. Lindwer, The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank (documentary film, 1988, and book, 1992); J. Blair, dir., Anne Frank Remembered (documentary ilm, 1995).

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Frank, Anne

(1929–1945) young Dutch girl found and killed by Nazis after years in hiding. [Dutch Lit.: Diary of Anne Frank]

Frank, Anne

(1929–1945) young Dutch diarist, died in Bergen-Belsen camp during WWII. [Jew. Hist.: Wigoder, 196]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The "Anne Frank Translation Project" in Cambodia, for example, has proven to be an important teaching tool used to combat the widespread public belief that mass atrocity is unique to Cambodia.
Seven months after her arrest, Anne Frank died of typhus at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in March 1945, only a month before the camp was liberated by British forces on April 15, 1945.
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It is unfortunate that in this case, Jewish comedians chose to deal with it through tasteless, insensitive humor about Anne Frank. As the daughter of Holocaust survivors, I am offended and sincerely hope they will exercise better judgment in the future."
The Anne Frank House in Amsterdam said Friday documents indicate that Anne's father Otto tried twice to get his family the needed papers to go to the United States and later also appears to have applied for a visa to Cuba.
'Anne Frank writes about sexuality in a disarming way,' said Ronald Leopold of the Anne Frank House museum in Amsterdam.
Following the incident, Italian football authorities ordered stadiums to hold a minute of silence at their next matches while a passage from Anne Frank's diary is read out.
General auditions for College of DuPage Theatre's spring productions of "Much Ado About Nothing" and "The Diary of Anne Frank" will be from 7 to 10 p.m.
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