Anne de Montmorency

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Montmorency, Anne de


Born Mar. 15, 1493, in Chantilly; died Nov. 12, 1567, in Paris. French military leader and statesman. Marshal of France from 1522, constable from 1538.

Montmorency took part in the battle of Marignano in 1515. In 1525 he was taken prisoner along with the French king Francis I at Pavia and helped negotiate the Treaty of Madrid in 1526. During the reign of Henry II (1547–59), Montmorency was one of the closest advisers of the king. In 1548 he directed the suppression of a popular uprising in Bordeaux, and in 1551 Henry II made him a duke.

Captured by the Spanish in 1557 after his defeat in the battle of St. Quentin, Montmorency was released under the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis in 1559. In 1561 he was a member of a triumvirate, along with Francois, the Due de Guise and the Marshal de Saint-Andre, that was organized for the struggle against the Huguenots. In the religious wars that resulted, Montmorency commanded the royal forces and was fatally wounded at the battle of St. Denis on Nov. 10, 1567.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The disastrous losses of the French elite at Pavia in 1525, for example, created early access to power for a crop of counsellors in the orbit of Anne de Montmorency, d'Annebault among them.
It was Anne de Montmorency, a Grand Master of France under Francis I and later Henry II, who began construction of a splendid Renaissance chateau (known as the Petit chateau) there in 1528, on the site of an ancestor's medieval residence.
Beyond her family, three men emerge as central figures in Marguerite's life: Guillaume Briconnet, her spiritual advisor in the early 1520s, Anne de Montmorency, childhood friend, later constable under Francois, and, finally, Bonnivet.
For a dozen years since his appointment as Great Master in 1526 Anne de Montmorency had been a political patron and power-broker of the first order.
The work is largely a dialogue between 'Demande' and 'Responce' describing a grotto to be constructed for Anne de Montmorency. The Recepte veritable, par laquelle tous les hommes de la France pourront apprendre a multiplier et augmenter leurs thresors (also known as the Moyen de devenir riche) appeared soon after the wars of religion.
Georges Colin studies and provides a list of gold-stamped printers' and booksellers' marks on sixteenth- and seventeenth-century books, but concludes that `il faudrait en connaitre davantage pour mieux comprendre leur fonction.' Mirjam Foot looks briefly at several magnificent bindings executed for Anne de Montmorency [1493-1567]; David Shaw at some books, all of them by contrast in plain serviceable bindings, known to have belonged to William Warham, Archdeacon of Canterbury in the early sixteenth century; and Bent Juel-Jensen at three Ethiopian bindings.
Part 1 defines favoritism and then contrasts favorites of the early Valois, such as Anne de Montmorency, with the generation of mignons under Henry III.
The dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk became members of the Order of St Michel and Francis' leading advisers, Anne de Montmorency and Philippe Chabot, were admitted to the Garter.
Francois I and Jean du Bellay figure prominently here, but so do the Cardinal of Lorraine and Anne de Montmorency, and even Charles VIII receives some credit for wanting to collect works of the best quality.