Anne of Austria


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Related to Anne of Austria: Cardinal Richelieu, Cardinal Mazarin

Anne of Austria,

1601–66, queen of France, daughter of King Philip IIIPhilip III,
1578–1621, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1598–1621) and, as Philip II, king of Portugal (1598–1621); son and successor of Philip II of Spain. He was as pious as his father, but lacked his intelligence and capacity for work.
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 of Spain. Married to the French king Louis XIIILouis XIII,
1601–43, king of France (1610–43). He succeeded his father, Henry IV, under the regency of his mother, Marie de' Medici. He married Anne of Austria in 1615.
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 (1615), she was neglected by her husband and sought the society of the court intriguer, Mme de ChevreuseChevreuse, Marie de Rohan-Montbazon, duchesse de
, 1600–1679, French beauty and politician, an intimate of the French queen, Anne of Austria. Her continuous intrigues in opposition to King Louis XIII's minister, Cardinal Richelieu, caused her to be banished repeatedly from
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. Anne's indiscretion, especially her flirtation with the duke of BuckinghamBuckingham, George Villiers, 1st duke of
, 1592–1628, English courtier and royal favorite. He arrived (1614) at the English court as James I was tiring of his favorite, Robert Carr, earl of Somerset.
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, injured her reputation. Her loyalty to Spain and her strong Roman Catholic background made her suspect after France's alliance (1635) with the Protestant nations in the Thirty Years War; she was accused by the French minister of state, Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, of treasonable correspondence with Spain but was pardoned (1637). Contrary to the express wish of her husband before his death she was granted (1643) by parlementparlement
, in French history, the chief judicial body under the ancien régime. The parlement consisted of a number of separate chambers: the central pleading chamber, called the Grand-Chambre; the Chambre des Requêtes
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 full powers as regent for her son Louis XIVLouis XIV,
1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715), son and successor of King Louis XIII. Early Reign

After his father's death his mother, Anne of Austria, was regent for Louis, but the real power was wielded by Anne's adviser, Cardinal Mazarin.
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. She entrusted the government to Cardinal MazarinMazarin, Jules
, 1602–61, French statesman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, b. Italy. His original name was Giulio Mazarini. After serving in the papal army and diplomatic service and as nuncio at the French court (1634–36), he entered the service of France
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, whom she supported during the wars of the FrondeFronde
, 1648–53, series of outbreaks during the minority of King Louis XIV, caused by the efforts of the Parlement of Paris (the chief judiciary body) to limit the growing authority of the crown; by the personal ambitions of discontented nobles; and by the grievances of
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 in France. After Mazarin's death (1661), her son excluded her from participation in affairs of state. Anne of Austria is a central figure of Alexandre DumasDumas, Alexandre
, known as Dumas père
, 1802–70, French novelist and dramatist. His father, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, was a general in the Revolution.
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's Three Musketeers.

Anne of Austria

1601--66, wife of Louis XIII of France and daughter of Philip III of Spain: regent of France (1643--61) for her son Louis XIV
References in classic literature ?
That means, my son," said Anne of Austria, laughing, "that the king does not like affairs of state to be talked of out of the council.
He was beginning, then, to dart at them glances full of mistrust and uneasiness, inviting Anne of Austria to throw perturbation in the midst of the unlawful assembly, when, suddenly, Bernouin, entering from behind the tapestry of the bedroom, whispered in the ear of Mazarin, "Monseigneur, an envoy from his majesty, the king of England.
cried Anne of Austria, with an accent of terror which proved how much greater an interest she took in the duke than she ventured to tell.
cried Anne of Austria, "this is more than I can bear.
He promised his mother, Anne of Austria, he would stop flirting and settle down by the time he was 30 and embarked on series of sexual conquests during his late 20s.
The title of this volume is a bit misleading since the book is in actuality mostly about the celebrations and festivals surrounding the arranged dual Habsburg-Bourbon marriages of the French King Louis XIII and his sister Elizabeth to the future Spanish ruler Philip IV and his sister Anne of Austria.
But in keeping with his membership of the high-profile Academie Franaise, the 83-year-old ex-president has defended his work, saying it draws on his country's literary masterpieces like Alexandre Dumas' tales of the love between French Princess Anne of Austria and the Duke of Buckingham.
Around that time, Anne of Austria, the Queen Regent of France and mother of the underage King Louis XIV, was eager to have a Jesuit as the first bishop of New France.
The teenaged Louis XIII danced the lead in three royal ballets presented in 1617, 1618, and 1619, and his oldest sister, the princess Elizabeth, danced the lead in two women's ballets presented in 1613 and 1615, while his teenaged queen, Anne of Austria, danced the lead in two others presented in 1618 and 1619.
In December 1689 Louis XIV decided to sacrifice his silver furniture--treasures inherited from his mother, Anne of Austria, and Cardinal Mazarin as well as newly-commissioned objects.
Louis XIV (1638-1715), the charismatic Sun King of France, was raised by his mother and regent Anne of Austria to appreciate women and enjoy their company.