Anne of Austria

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Related to Anne of Austria: Cardinal Richelieu, Cardinal Mazarin

Anne of Austria,

1601–66, queen of France, daughter of King Philip IIIPhilip III,
1578–1621, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1598–1621) and, as Philip II, king of Portugal (1598–1621); son and successor of Philip II of Spain. He was as pious as his father, but lacked his intelligence and capacity for work.
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 of Spain. Married to the French king Louis XIIILouis XIII,
1601–43, king of France (1610–43). He succeeded his father, Henry IV, under the regency of his mother, Marie de' Medici. He married Anne of Austria in 1615.
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 (1615), she was neglected by her husband and sought the society of the court intriguer, Mme de ChevreuseChevreuse, Marie de Rohan-Montbazon, duchesse de
, 1600–1679, French beauty and politician, an intimate of the French queen, Anne of Austria. Her continuous intrigues in opposition to King Louis XIII's minister, Cardinal Richelieu, caused her to be banished repeatedly from
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. Anne's indiscretion, especially her flirtation with the duke of BuckinghamBuckingham, George Villiers, 1st duke of
, 1592–1628, English courtier and royal favorite. He arrived (1614) at the English court as James I was tiring of his favorite, Robert Carr, earl of Somerset.
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, injured her reputation. Her loyalty to Spain and her strong Roman Catholic background made her suspect after France's alliance (1635) with the Protestant nations in the Thirty Years War; she was accused by the French minister of state, Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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, of treasonable correspondence with Spain but was pardoned (1637). Contrary to the express wish of her husband before his death she was granted (1643) by parlementparlement
, in French history, the chief judicial body under the ancien régime. The parlement consisted of a number of separate chambers: the central pleading chamber, called the Grand-Chambre; the Chambre des Requêtes
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 full powers as regent for her son Louis XIVLouis XIV,
1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715), son and successor of King Louis XIII. Early Reign

After his father's death his mother, Anne of Austria, was regent for Louis, but the real power was wielded by Anne's adviser, Cardinal Mazarin.
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. She entrusted the government to Cardinal MazarinMazarin, Jules
, 1602–61, French statesman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, b. Italy. His original name was Giulio Mazarini. After serving in the papal army and diplomatic service and as nuncio at the French court (1634–36), he entered the service of France
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, whom she supported during the wars of the FrondeFronde
, 1648–53, series of outbreaks during the minority of King Louis XIV, caused by the efforts of the Parlement of Paris (the chief judiciary body) to limit the growing authority of the crown; by the personal ambitions of discontented nobles; and by the grievances of
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 in France. After Mazarin's death (1661), her son excluded her from participation in affairs of state. Anne of Austria is a central figure of Alexandre DumasDumas, Alexandre
, known as Dumas père
, 1802–70, French novelist and dramatist. His father, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, was a general in the Revolution.
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's Three Musketeers.

Anne of Austria

1601--66, wife of Louis XIII of France and daughter of Philip III of Spain: regent of France (1643--61) for her son Louis XIV
References in periodicals archive ?
Women were about twenty-five per cent of the household of Catherine de Medicis, but only about nine per cent of the household of Anne of Austria.
Sixteen court ladies, portraying goddesses, came on stage through three doors in the clouds, led by Anne of Austria dancing the role of Juno, queen of heaven.
35) Madame de Motteville, the lady-in-waiting of Anne of Austria, observed that " .
In December 1689 Louis XIV decided to sacrifice his silver furniture--treasures inherited from his mother, Anne of Austria, and Cardinal Mazarin as well as newly-commissioned objects.
Louis XIV (1638-1715), the charismatic Sun King of France, was raised by his mother and regent Anne of Austria to appreciate women and enjoy their company.
The author sets out to explore the full range of positions addressed in this literature concerning the monarchy, the Parlement of Paris, the princes of the blood, the nobility, and the various bodies of the Third Estate as the Frondeurs challenged Anne of Austria and Cardinal Mazarin's management of the country during the minority of Louis XIV.
D'Artagnan and the three musketeers, Athos, Porthos, and Aramis, have death-defying experiences as they defend the honor of Anne of Austria against the evil doings of Cardinal Richelieu.
Toennesmann's analyses of the Paris residences of Catherine of Medici (Tuileries), Mary of Medici (Palais du Luxembourg), and Anne of Austria (Val-de-Grace) point out how the family traditions of these immigrant queens as well as genuinely French models were fused to bring about highly original architectural statements.
No major aspect of his career is overlooked, as we follow his progress from his Flemish origins to his training in Paris, from the Palais du Luxembourg of Marie de Medicis to the monumental religious compositions of the 1640s, from Richelieu, whose official painter he was, to Anne of Austria, and finally to Port-Royal.
It was Richelieu who introduced Mazarin to Ins final and most important patron, Anne of Austria.
There are some especially valuable topical entries, for example, "The Orange Inheritance," Restraining Orders," "The Union of England and Scotland," "The English Succession," "Acts of Renunciation of Anne of Austria and Maria Theresa.