Anne of Brittany

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Anne of Brittany,

1477–1514, queen of France as consort of Charles VIIICharles VIII,
1470–98, king of France (1483–98), son and successor of Louis XI. He first reigned under the regency of his sister Anne de Beaujeu. After his marriage (1491) to Anne of Brittany, he freed himself from the influence of the regency and prepared to conquer
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 from 1491 to 1498 and consort of Louis XIILouis XII,
1462–1515, king of France (1498–1515), son of Charles, duc d'Orléans. He succeeded his father as duke. While still duke, he rebelled against the regency of Anne de Beaujeu and was imprisoned (1488), but was released (1491) by his cousin King Charles
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 from 1499 until her death. The daughter of Duke Francis IIFrancis II,
1435–88, duke of Brittany. He succeeded (1458) his uncle Arthur III. In his struggle with the French crown for the independence of his duchy, Francis entered (1465) the League of the Public Weal against King Louis XI and invaded Normandy in 1467.
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 of Brittany, she was heiress to his duchy. Shortly before her father's death (1488), a French army under Louis de La Trémoille successfully invaded Brittany and secured the duke's promise that Anne would marry only with the consent of the French crown. Upon becoming duchess, the young Anne's hand and her duchy were eagerly sought. To prevent France from swallowing up the duchy, a coalition including Archduke Maximilian of Austria (later Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian IMaximilian I,
1459–1519, Holy Roman emperor and German king (1493–1519), son and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. As emperor, he aspired to restore forceful imperial leadership and inaugurate much-needed administrative reforms in the increasingly
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), King Henry VIIHenry VII,
1457–1509, king of England (1485–1509) and founder of the Tudor dynasty. Claim to the Throne

Henry was the son of Edmund Tudor, earl of Richmond, who died before Henry was born, and Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of Edward III through John
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 of England, and King Ferdinand IIFerdinand II
or Ferdinand the Catholic,
1452–1516, king of Aragón (1479–1516), king of Castile and León (as Ferdinand V, 1474–1504), king of Sicily (1468–1516), and king of Naples (1504–16).
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 of Aragón sent forces to Anne's aid. Nevertheless, Anne's situation was perilous and she appealed (1489) directly to Maximilian for protection. In 1490, Maximilian married Anne by proxy but failed to assist her with armed strength. Besieged at Rennes in 1491, Anne was forced by the French to annul her marriage and was quickly married to Charles VIII. It was agreed that if Charles died before Anne without issue, she was to marry his successor. Accordingly, in 1499, she married Louis XII, who had previously obtained a divorce from his first wife. The marriage (1514) of Claude, Anne's daughter by Louis XII, to Francis of Angoulême (later Francis I of France) led to the eventual incorporation (1532) by France of Brittany, which had previously remained theoretically separate.


See biography by H. J. Sanborn (1917).

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References in classic literature ?
[*] Louis XII divorced his wife, Jeanne, daughter of Louis XI, and married in 1499 Anne of Brittany, widow of Charles VIII, in order to retain the Duchy of Brittany for the crown.
Bound to appeal at Dr Jorn Gunther's stand is a rare French compilation including five of Ovid's Heroides, made in Paris around 1493 for Anne of Brittany, queen consort of France.
The royal wives and mistresses that Wellman analyzes (Agnes Sorel, Anne of Brittany, Diane de Poitiers, Catherine de Medici, Marguerite de Valois, and Gabrielle d'Estrees) all influenced public policies and perceptions of the monarchy as well as the monarch himself.
The ornate manuscript presented to Anne of Brittany by Antoine Dufour, Les Vies des femmes celebres (Nantes, Musee Dobree, ms.
By comparing two illustrated manuscripts that commemorate Anne of Brittany's entry into Paris at the time of her coronation in 1504 and her funeral ten years later, Cynthia J.
Labelled the "Venice of the West" because it sits on the confluence of the Loire, Erdre, Sevre, Chezine and Cens rivers, its castle sheltered the Dukes of Brittany and the Duchesse Anne of Brittany before the region became part of France in 1532.
In her endeavor to locate Elizabeth's tapestries, owned before she became queen, Bell discovers six additional sets of tapestries, of six to eight large panels each, depicting the same unusual City of Ladies subject, all owned or associated with some of the sixteenth-century's greatest regents and rulers, Margaret of Austria, Anne of Brittany, Louise of Savoy, and Mary of Guise and her daughter Mary Queen of Scots.
A 15th-century manuscript and stained glass painter from Tours, Poyer (sometimes misspelled as Poyet) was celebrated in his day, when he worked at the court of Queen Anne of Brittany, and largely forgotten in subsequent centuries.
The Breton kingdom, known as Britannia, remained an independent duchy despite Norman invasions and attempts by the kings of France and England to annex it until 1491, when the marriage of Anne of Brittany to Charles VIII of France set the scene for Brittany to become part of France.
The tapestries, whose origins and history are as mysterious and enigmatic as their designs, could have belonged to Anne of Brittany, who married King Louis XII in 1499 (6).
Wealthy purchasers looked to Venice to provide goblets, dishes and bottles in fine glass which were highly regarded at the time (Anne of Brittany listed proudly several pieces of glass "with gilded edges" in her inventories).